However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age” (“What Is Autism”). Autism spectrum disorder and autism are different types of complex disorders of the brain development. These types of disorders are shown by their characteristics per person and also shown by their difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communications behaviors. Children that are diagnosed with Autism often have other conditions, such as epilepsy, sensitivity, depression or anxiety. They react to simulators in their own way.
Happe F, Ronald A, Plomin R: Time to give up on a single explanation for autism. Nat Neurosci 2006, 9:1218-1220. 8. Geschwind DH, Alarcon M: Finding genes in spite of heterogeneity: endophenotypes, QTL mapping, and expression profiling in autism. In Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment.
Since these disorders have some amount of an autism spectrum, PDD is now sometimes referred to Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This is the term that will be used throughout the rest of this paper. The autistic spectrum ranges from less to most severe: Less Severe Autistic Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder Asperger’s Syndrome Rett’s Syndrome Most Severe Childhood Disintergrative Disorder While communicative dysfunction is one of the central characteristics of ASD, its profile of symptoms varies widely from person to person. At one extreme, there are childre... ... middle of paper ... ...Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 48(5), 1080-1097. Retrieved form EBSCOhost.
disorder, because at one end of the disorder a child may be inflicted with some symptoms, while at the opposite end a child may be inflicted with multiple symptoms with many areas in between. Children who display few symptoms may be characterized as ?mildly autistic?. Early signs of Autism may appear in the first months of life. Autistic infants tend to stray away from other people, avoiding touch and become limp or stiff when picked up or help. Autistic children don?t reach maturation as fast as normal children.
Autism is a combination of several developmental challenges. There are many symptoms of autism. They include: extreme difficulty in learning language, inappropriate response to people, avoiding eye contact, resisting being picked up or cuddled, uncooperative play with other children, extreme hyperactivity and many others. There are five major areas in children highly affected by autism. They are communication, social interaction, sensory impairment, play and behavior.
Autism seems to affect boys more than girls. The first signs of autism are shown within the first three years of life. As an infant, parents will notice that the child is distant and does not respond appropriately to their surroundings. Children with autism have a limited range of interests as activities and they have a very low tolerance for change in their environment or daily routine. They are dependent on everyday routines, and may have tantrums if things are out of place.
Although this is a debilitating disorder, individuals who find the right treatment plan for themselves can lead a normal life. Works Cited Adams, Lynn, and Susan Conn. “Nutrition and its Relationship to Autism.” Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities 12 (1997) : 53-59. Kazdin, Alan E. “Replication and Extension of Behavioral Treatment of Autistic Disorder.” American Journal on Mental Retardation 97 (1993) :377-380. Lovaas, Ivar. “Autism: A New Behavioral Treatment.” The Harvard Medical School Mental Health Letter 1989: n. pag.
Some of the main signs of Autism at an early age are: delayed or no speech, wants to be alone, have little social skills, and resists physical contact. There are precise behaviors and actions that are common in autism and could indicate that a child is on the autism spectrum. Also, males are about 4 times more likely to have autism than females. Autism is mainly characterized by repetitive behaviors, communication difficulties, social impairments, and cognitive impairments. Some of the main symptoms are: hyperactivity, short attention span, unusual eating and sleeping habit, and unusual mood or emotional behaviors.
Applied Behavior Analysis What is Autism? Autism is a neurological disorder delaying overall development and functioning. Children with autism generally experience prominent delays in the development of language, non-verbal communication, cognitive abilities, adaptive functioning, and social interaction. Children with autism often exhibit self stimulatory behavior such as spinning, rocking, hand flapping, or other peculiar motor behaviors. Autistic children can also be characterized by repetitive behavior and obsession with routine.
“The most common are Autism, Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) (www.learningdisabilitiesinfo.com).” Severe Autism, Rett Syndrome, and CDD are usually recognized before a child reaches the age of three. However, high-functioning Autism and Asperger’s are often times not discovered until a child enters school. High-functioning Autism and Asperger’s are frequently compared, considering children with these disorders express the same traits and characteristics. Conversely, the main difference between the two disorders is pragmatics, or language skills. A child with Asperger’s Syndrome is capable of communicating, but due to their social and developmental impairments, they cannot appropriately communicate with their peers.