New York: St. Martin's, 2001. Shelley, Mary. "From Frankenstein." The Example of Science. Ed.
Web. 23 Feb. 2010.
When she wrote Frankenstein, she revealed her hidden fears and desires through the story of Victor Frankenstein’s creation, putting him symbolically in her place (Murfin, Ross. "Psychoanalytic Criticism and Frankenstein.”). Her purpose, though possibly unconsciously, in writing the novel was to resolve both her feelings of abandonment by her parents, and fears of her own childbirth. Mary Shelley was born in 1797 to Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin, two of the greatest liberal thinkers of the time. Her mother died after two weeks of giving birth to her, leaving Shelley feeling both abandoned by and guilty of her mother’s death.
Dante University of America Press, 2003. Sage, Victor. The Gothick Novel. London: The Macmillan Press, 1990. Walpole, Horace.
Only one of her children, Percy Florence, survived to adulthood and outlived her. In June of 1816, when she had the waking nightmare which became the catalyst of the tale, she was only nineteen and had already had her first two children. Her first child, Clara, was born prematurely February 22, 1815 and died March 6. Mary, as any woman would be, was devastated by this and took a long time to recover. The following is a letter that Mary wrote to her friend Hogg the day that the baby died.
2011. N. pag. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. .
New York: W.W. Norton, 2007. Print. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, and Philippe Munch. "Chapter 4." Frankenstein.
New York: Norton. 2012. 355-368. Print. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, A Norton Critical Edition: Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein: The 1818 Text, Contexts, Criticism.
They were her husband, her parents, her friends, and her mind. Her husband, Percy Shelley, was also a great writer. To her he personified the genius and dedication to human betterment that she had admired her whole life (G.E.W.). And it was probably for this reason why Mary let him watch so closely over her while she wrote Frankenstein (Levine, 4) and why she gave him carte blanche to revise the book (5). Her parents were also a big influence on her.