As Britain want to colonise Australia as a country in 1788, the indigenous community were chased by British (Bailey 2008). As the consequences, they lost their native title and many of them suffered from serious diseases as the Britain seized their habitat land (Bailey 2008; History of the Aborigines n.d.). By 1900, there was a small group of indigenous people in central and Northern Australia. Today, they live in some parts of rural area in Australia and try to keep their traditions alive (History of the Aborigines n.d). Legislation As issues concerning the welfare of indigenous people were very rarely discussed, the founding fathers paid a little attention towards it in the 1890s (Bailey 2008).
Unemployment is significantly higher for Aborigines than in the rest of the population. In addition, also the standard of living 20 % lower. The average Aboriginal man lives until he is 56 and the woman until she is 63 75 % of the population also ... ... middle of paper ... ...bitats ? When James Cook and his crew invaded Australia in 1770 , disturbed areas where Aborigines had lived nature for thousands of years . They first used Australia only captive colony for prisoners from Europe , which pushed the Aborigines away from their homes , and many died of diseases Englishmen brought with it .
People have said that introduced disease was used as an international weapon of extermination especially in the case of the Australian Aborigines. The Aborigines were so affected by the introduced pathogens because their immune systems had never encountered that kind of disease before so they had not developed any immunity at all and so succumbed to disease very easily. The first major smallpox epidemic among Aborigines was in April 1789, fifteen months after first settlement. The second was in 1829-31, its origin never determined. Many people have suggested and even written books about it that smallpox and other various killer diseases were deliberately introduced by the First Fleet to the Aborigines to kill them off easily.
The way a society is organised can create conflicts or creating some difficult conditions for survival for others, which can increase the chances of having conflict between different cultures and societies. The Arrival of the first fleet in 1788 was the beginning of a conflict era. Aboriginal people are living in Australia for thousands of years. When British arrived in Australia they did not understand the lifestyle of Aboriginal people and they did not realise the deep connection that Aboriginal people had to the land. The non-indigenous started to use the land in their own way because Australia was seen as unused and this led to a concept of Terra Nullius (land belong to no one or land that no one owned).
Indigenous Australians have had a controversial place throughout Australian history, with World War 1 being one of the main events in this topic. Although there were no aboriginals that went to fight in World War I, it was not that they didn't want to because of their violent history with the British, it was because the British didn't allow them to enlist for World War 1. Since the British settled in Australia, Indigenous Australians have had cultural conflict. The Europeans believed that Aboriginal people were lower than the settlers and that their culture was more primitive to the culture of the British settlers. An example of this is how the Aboriginal people had a very strong spiritual connection to the land.
Then in 1805 the Americans arrived on Rapa Nui and started to take slaves back to America to work in the mines. The worst year for the Rapa Nui was 1863-1864. During this time the Americans took 1400 Rapa Nui as slaves to America. When the rest of the world found out about this they forced the Americans to return the Rapa Nui to Easter Island. But the damage had already been done and the Americans only returned 12 Rapa Nui Natives to Easter Island.
The three main reasons for this dramatic decline were introduction of new diseases, violent conflicts with the colonisers and settlers acquiring Indigenous land (Digital, 2015). In 1848, the Board of National Education stated that it was impractical to provide any form of education for Indigenous children. In 1883 the Aboriginal Protection Board is established in NSW and
Matra’s idea was that there was a possibility of a new colony of the Americans who had remained loyal to Britain during the War of Independence, this idea being rejected by all. Botany Bay was then seen as a solution to the ever growing number of filled rotting convict hulks along the River Thames and the overpopulated goals. The proposal for the establishment of the new colony being “Heads of Plan”# addressed the effective disposal of the convicts to the new colony. With Britain continuing to send convicts to Australia for many decades, the cost involved in transporting the convicts would be greatly decreased and it would be better than dealing with the problem of the overcrowded hulks and goals in England and the costs associated with feeding the convicts etc. Up until 1776 Britain had been transporting convicts to the American colonies but this practice was stopped with the outbreak of the American War of Independence.
Aboriginal people also saw the day as an opportunity to draw the attention of white-Australia to see what they could do to secure the future of Aboriginal people as equal citizens. The experience of Aborigines up to 1938 was marked by the stolen generation, losing their humanitarian rights and moving into white Australian society’s way of life and taking them from their families. Question 2 The Great Depression of 1929-1932 for many Australians this time was filled with extreme hardship. For many people... ... middle of paper ... ...00 days the new deal was created which then created 42 new agencies designed to create jobs. I believe that the Australian government didn’t handle the Great Depression well.
In the late 19th-century the Social Darwinist ideas were influential, contained that Aborigines were an inferior race which not where capable to manage them self and destined to die out. In Van Diemen's Land, nowadays called Tasmania, the government removed the last survivors of massacre and disease to Flinders I in the late 1820s, the last full-blooded Aborigine, Truganini, died there in 1876. A community of people with mixed descent remains in Tasmania. Elsewhere in Australia, a hard work were made to confine them to government reserves or Christian missions. Aborigines have not accepted their lot as passively.