From one side of the Continent to the other it is 2,480miles across. The total width of the continent is 2,265 miles wide. There are six states New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia. There are two major main lands and several minor territories, the major mainland territories are Australian Capital Territory and Northern territory. (Compton Encyclopedia) The first people to inhabit Australia were called Australian Aborigines they inhabited Australia for tens of thousands of years before the Europeans arrived.
Aboriginal are people with close relationship with land and maintain their link with ancestral Aboriginal spirits for more than ten thousand years. Aboriginal were nomadic hunter and gatherers who would move to find resource in different seasons. In early 1788, there were probably about 500.000 to 1 million Aboriginal people living in Australia. 1.1.Invasion and Settlement of European in 1788. Captain James Cook found Australia on 29 April 1770.
Aborigines [aborijineez] Aborigines where the first people to live in Australia. The word Aborigine comes from the Latin phrase ab origine, meaning from the beginning. Aborigines have lived in Australia for at least 50,000 years, and evidence for that people have been living there for about 130,000 years ago have been found at lake George near Canberra. Most scientists believe that the aborigines come from southeastern Asia from the beginning. In Australia there were nearly 600 territorially defined groups which where living on hunting and gathering food.
As a result of this the sheep grazers built a 3,307 mile long fence to separate the sheep from the dingo. A $20 US bounty is now placed on the pelt of each dingo. European immigrants did not come to Australia until after April 29, 1770 when captain James Cook landed in Botany Bay and made the first claim for England on the eastern part of the island. He called it New South Wales. In 1787, England started their first colony in Australia which was a penal colony since England's prisons were very overcrowded.
Introduction The Aborigines are the indigenous people of Australia. According to their traditional beliefs, the Aborigines have inhabited Australia since the beginning of time, but most modern dating techniques have placed the first native Australians at closer to 60,000 years ago, based on carbon dating of fossils and knowledge of geological changes in the region. Sea levels have fluctuated throughout history and were 200 meters lower at the time the ancestors of the Aborigines were thought to have made their way to Australia. This still left large expanses of open water that had to be crossed- up to 100 km- indicating that these people had developed some sort of sea-faring technology long before any other people. The Aboriginal culture is thought to be the oldest continuous culture still surviving today.
Aborigines were nomads living in family clans, each with its own territory where it could camp, hunt, and fish. The Aborigines brought two useful items from their original homela... ... middle of paper ... ...sp; The exchange rate of a US dollar to an Australian dollar is as follows: 1 US dollar = 1.94 Australian dollars. *Economy* Australia has a prosperous Western-style capitalist economy, with a per capita GDP at the level of the four dominant West European economies. Rich in nature resources, Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, minerals, metals, and fossil fuels. Commodities account for 57% of the value of total exports, so that a downturn in world commodity prices can have a big impact on the economy.
A study of Y-chromosome variation by Vandenburg and others in 1999 revealed two haplotypes unique to Australian Aboriginals. Most (78%) of Aboriginal haplotypes fell into two clusters, possibly indicating two original, separate lineages of founding Aboriginal Australians. As recently as the 1960’s, anthropologists predicted the colonization of Australia at less than 10,000 years ago. Advancments in thermoluminescence dating pushed back the estimated colonization time to 50,000-60,000 years ago in the early 1990’s. Improvements in thermoluminescence and carbon dating techniques adjusted previous colonization dates of 50,000-60,000 years to approximately 45,000 years.
It is commonly called “The Land of Opportunity.” This paper will discuss the history of immigration, the history of the immigration policy, the economic, social and cultural, and the population impacts of immigration to Australia. The History-Immigration to Australia The history of immigration to Australia started before 1770. The first human inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines. The word Aborigine is derived from Latin and means “from the beginning”. This is not the name that the Aborigine people called themselves; they prefer Koori, and the name Aborigine was given to the native Australians by the Europeans.
They roamed the land for 40,000 years. The Indigenous Aborigines lived as nomads, hunter-gatherers, and “with a strong dependence on the land and their agriculture for survival (Ellie Crystal)”. The Aborigine ways of life were interrupted when Britain sent convicts to Australia. The Australian Aboriginal tribes have different ways of communicating. Most Aborigines are able to speak five different languages.
Aboriginal Australians, also referred to as Aborigines, are people whose ancestors were indigenous to the Australian continent (the smallest continent in the world)—that is, to mainland Australia or to the island of Tasmania. British colonization of the continent began in 1788 when caption cook landed and claimed the land for Britain. Essentially from the first time that Europeans started settling in Australia they have ahead, mistreated, enslaved, and law and policies to limit the rights of aborigines with a goal of total extermination of the original peoples of Australia. The responsibility of the use of policies drove Britain’s imperial desires. The early indications with regard to the origin of the Aborigines determined through carbon dating showed traces of their existence as early as 40,000 years ago; probably the earliest arrivals of indigenous Australian human migration came from Indonesia and New Guinea.