The Australian Government is split into three arms. The first is known as the legislative arm, or parliament, and is responsible for the debate and vote of new laws to be initiated. These laws, if passed, are introduced under the power of section 51 of the Australian Constitution. Section 51 of the Australian Constitution in principle defines what the government can decide upon. The second of three arms of the Australian Government is the executive arm.
ESSAY. The Constitutional system in Australia determines how the law is made. Some issues addressed by this are; The Federal government, division of powers, the separation of powers, amending the constitution, the high court and the constitution and transfer of powers. The federal System of government has one central government deal with matters involving the whole nation. This system was adopted in Australia on 1 January 1901.In a federal system of Government there must be a division of powers.
Australian Bicameralism Bicameralism in Australia has a long history dating back to the pre-Federation colonial parliaments. These structures, in turn, evolved from their British forbear, the parliament at Westminster. At federal and state levels there has been considerable debate and controversy over the continuing efficacy and efficiency of the two-house model. Is it necessary or desirable to maintain two houses of parliament for state and federal governments in Australia? Did the Queensland government do the right thing in abolishing its upper house?
The first European to discover Australia was Willem Janszoon in the early 1606. The “Commonwealth of Australia” is Australia’s official name. The states of Australia are New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia. There are total of 6 states on Australia. Their government is a constitutional monarchy, which means that Australia has a constitution, but also has a monarch, which in this case is Queen Elizabeth ||.
In the structure of the Commonwealth Parliament, set out in the Australian Constitution, the two major interests represented are the people and the states. The Constitution was drafted at a series of conventions, as before 1901 Australia was a collection of six self governing British colonies with the main power ruling over the colonies being dependent on the British Parliament. From this point on, after 1901 when the Australian Constitution was introduced, Australia became an independent nation. The Australian Constitution emerged in the 1890s, when representatives from the Australian colonies, drafted a document that would set out to unite the colonies into a federal system (South Australian State Electoral Office 2001). The drafting on the Constitution established a structure of a federal system of government, as well as set up a basis for a connection between the central government and state government (South Australian State Electoral Office 2001).
In some countries, the same person is both head of state and leader of the government. In others, including Australia, there is a separate head of state. Many federal countries, again including Australia, also provide a head of state at the second level.¡¨ (Australian politics, 1997) the Governor-General is given power specifically in a number of other sections of the Constitution. The most important of these are: to adjourn and dissolve the House of Representatives to issue writs for general elections (the formal process by which elections are called) to dissolve both Houses of the Commonwealth Parliament to appoint Ministers, including the Prime Minister to appoint judges to submit Constitution Alteration Bills to referendum Almost all the powers of the Governor-General are exercised only on the advice of government. This is done through a committee called the Federal Executive Council, usually just referred to as the Executive Council.
The preamble is an introductory statement that outlines the sources of authority and the mission, objectives and scope of the constitution. Chapter one states that Federal parliament shall consist of the Queen, the Senate and the House of Representatives (sect 1). The Senate is designed to act as a States house, while the House of Representatives performs as the Peoples House. Exclusive and residual powers are fore grounded and the procedure for overcoming conflict between the two houses is also outlined. Chapter 2 focuses primarily on the Federal Executive wing of government and the Governor General.
The Duke then opened the first federal parliamentary session in Canberra. Britain was then very much the mother country of Australia. History records that only two indigenous Australians were present. The OPH was replaced by a new Parliament House in 1988 as the old one could not accommodate the politicians, press etc comfortably. When built it was meant to serve Australian politics up to 1977.
To assess parliament’s performance in its ability to scrutinise various government departments, the article draws attention to the two houses of parliament. The House of Representatives is generally under strict government control while the Senate is very rarely controlled by the ruling government, giving it a greater ability to scrutinise government performance. (Thomas 2009: 373) The article states that there are two primary documents used to represent performance to parliament. These are the required annual reports and the estimate reports from various departments. The annual reports are required to be submitted to parliament by October 31st every year (Thomas 2009: 374).
The land of Australia had two types of people living there before the European settlers came to the country the Aboriginal and the Torres Strait Islanders and in 1688 a man named William Dampier was the first British man to explore Australia (Austrailian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade). This is similar to how America had Native A... ... middle of paper ... ... Irving "Constitution" The Oxford Companion to Australian Politics. Ed Brian Galligan and Winsome Roberts. Oxford University Press 2008. Oxford Reference Online.