(WHO 2013c, 2013d) 2.3 Ethiopia The life expectancy at birth in Ethiopia is 59 years among men and 62 among women. As expected, there´s a notable contrast between Finland, United Kingdom and Ethiopia. The probapility of dying under five is worrying 68 per 1000 live births. The biggest causes of death among children under five are pseunomia (21%) and other diseases (18%). The probability of dying between 15 and 60 years is 306 among men and 265 among women (per 1000 population).
Botswana has an extremely high percentage of the population living with AIDS. 18% of the people are HIV positive, while only .0007% of Australians are. Much of the population is dying as well. The annual deaths from AIDS are around 24,000 per month in Botswana, compared to a mere 100 per month in Australia. This means that Botswana loses 288,000 people per year, which is almost the same as the number of people infected.
Despite the progress made in the nation’s implementation of a Nation Health Development Plan, Djibouti continues to face challenges and shows high rates of child and maternal mortality, high rates of noncommunicable diseases and communicable diseases ( WHO, 2013). According to The World Bank Djibouti’s health indicators are among the lowest in the world. Health Status Indicator: Life Expectancy An important indicator of the status of health in any country is the average life expectancy. the According to the CIA World Factbook, the average life expectancy of Djiboutians is 62.4 years (2014). This translates to 59.93 years for males and 64.94 years for females.
In the 2006 census, nearly 5% of Aboriginal people were aged 65 and older. This data is expected to increase to 6.5% of the total Aboriginal population by 2017 (Health Council of Canada, 2013). Although the start of the senior year is 65 years old, organization starts to cater Aboriginals from 55 years old due to high prevalence rate of chronic diseases. Seniors home is one of the most important facility Aboriginals need today along with medical emergency facilities and primary care facilities. First Nations seniors on reserve are not receiving the home care and continuing ... ... middle of paper ... ...cy, high infant mortality rate than non aboriginal Canadians, this signifies that access to quality health care system is better in the non Aboriginal community.
Healthcare Aboriginal Australians It is widely known across Australia that Aboriginal people have a significantly lower life expectancy than non-Aboriginal Australians. However, a recent study by Phillips et al. (2014) found that the exact degree of difference between the life expectancies of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians is difficult to determine. It was clear from their study that there is no less than eleven years between the two numbers, with potentially as high as twenty years’ difference. Aboriginal people also suffer from much higher infant mortality rates, a greater number and severity of ear infections, and poorer oral health (CITE PHILLIPS AND THE WAACHS DOCUMENT).
Low birth weight is a major health problem in the world.The normal healthy birth weight is 2500 to 3500. Low Birth Weight is defined as babies who are born weighing less than 2500 grams. The estimated low birth weight percentage in world is 15% and it distribute among 3.3% to 38%. According to the DHS 2006/07 low birth weight in Sri Lanka is 16.6% which fluctuated 16% to 18% over last few decades. Low birth weight is a multifaceted public health problem and it is major determinant of mortality, morbidity and disability in neonates, infancy and child hood.The low birth weight will be created problems associate with society, health sector and economy of country.
First Nations people desperately want to see that sick individuals are taken care of before these disputes take course. Someone needs to take immediate and full responsibility for Native health. Statistics show that Native people in Canada have lower health rates than non-Native Canadians. On average, Native people live 7 years less than non-Native people, and their infant mortality rate is 2 to 4 times higher. HIV/AIDS deaths are twice as high, and alcohol related deaths range between 4 and 9 times higher than non-Native Canadians.
Canada has a vast and prominent Aboriginal population that requires diverse and culturally safe health care. Milligan (2010) reports that as of 2006 there were 1,172,785 identified Aboriginals residing in Canada. British Colombia is home to 196,075 Aboriginals, the second largest provincial population in Canada, with 7,050 individuals of this reported Aboriginal population residing within Kamloops. This large provincial population of Aboriginals accounts for approximately 5% of BC’s total population and therefore it is vital that the disparity in both access and outcome of health care related shortcomings, which are highly publicised, be addressed. One major health problem, which has gradually increased in prevalence within this vulnerable population over the past several decades, is diabetes.
Australian Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) individuals are known to experience rates of mental illness far above the national average, with suicide rates significantly higher in some communities. Discuss the social and cultural factors that are associated with higher rates of mental illness and suicide, and identify one evidence‐based strategy to address this. Suicide and mental illness rates amongst Indigenous Australians are significantly higher than that of non-Indigenous Australians. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population constitutes approximately 3% of the total Australian population as per the 2011 consensus (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013). Of the approximate 700,000 people, 90% identify as being Aboriginal, 6% identify as being Torres Strait Islander and 4% identify as being both (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012).
A stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CV) is the result of interrupted blood flow to the brain which leads to the brain cells dying due to a lack of oxygen (Joubert et al., 2008). Worldwide within the next 20 years, the occurrences of cardiovascular disease are predicted to rise by at least 150% in developing countries (Yusuf, Reddy, Ounpuu and Anand (2001). In Africa- it is believed that it will affect 1.3 million people during that time, according to Yusuf et al. (2001). In South Africa, cardiovascular disease is responsible for almost 10% of healthy years of life lost and is therefore second only to HIV/AIDS- which illustrates its prominence as a chronic disease (World Health Organisation, 2007).