Leibniz compares to the other philosophers as well because he believes God is a perfect architect who created the world. Anslem, Spinoza and Leibniz are tied together in the simple sense that they acknowledge Gods perfect being. They believe he is a divine perfect essence who has made existence possible.
Also, how can evil exist when the only eternal entity is the perfect, sinless, ultimately good God? This question with the principle of God's sovereignty leads to even more difficult problems, including human responsibility and free will. These problems are not limited to our setting, as church fathers and Christian philosophers are the ones who proposed some of the solutions people believe today. As Christianity begins to spread and establish itself across Europe in the centuries after Jesus' resurrection, Augustine and Boethius provide answers, although wordy and complex, to this problem of evil and exactly how humans are responsible in the midst of God's sovereignty and Providence. In Augustine's Confessions, the early church father puts forth a complex theodicy in which he declares evil to be nonexistent.
This is why the Bible refers to God as Spirit (John 4:24). 2. The Creator and Sustainer of Everything Else that Exists. In classical theism, all reality is contingent on God — that is, all reality has come into existence and continues to exist because of Him. Unlike a god who forms the universe out of preexistent matter, the God of classical theism created the universe ex nihilo (out of nothing).
The universality of sin should be accepted as the truth of God with any position to the contrary suggesting that God Himself is a liar. We know from scripture that God is not capable of lying. It is contrary to His nature. I believe As John Stott posits in his book Basic Christianity, the nature of sin can be surmised in the Bible in two basic ways; wrong doing that is “negative” in its nature and conversely wrong doing that is “positive” in nature. Negatively, sin can be understood as being a “shortcoming”, a “lapse” in judgement, a “slip” or even a “blunder.” Another way of understanding it can be the shooting at and missing of a “target.” Additionally, the nature of sin might be seen as wickedness deep on the inside of the heart and soul level of man.
What is God? Who is God? These are question one first must answer to fully comprehend the Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity. God is self-existent, meaning his is a necessary being. It is impossible for Him not to exist, and God’s existence does not depend on anything else; He is independent of all else.
God has the sole power to create in the universe and in the Bible it says that through Jesus all things were created. The union of God and Jesus is also shown in the Forgiveness of Sins. According to the Old Testament forgiveness of sins is a power reserved exclusively for God the Father and in the New Testament it very clearly displays Jesus as one who was sent to forgive us of our sins. The Nicene Creed is right in saying that Jesus and God are one because creation and forgiveness of sins are actions reserved for God that Jesus also carry outs. Since Jesus possesses the ability to do things that God has left for himself, it is apparent that Jesus and God are one.
God’s being is eidos, the essence which forms the basis of humans. With God defined, the core problem being investigated by Augustine and Evodius becomes clear. Augustine states the key issue that must be reconciled in his inquiry; “we believe that everything that exists comes from the one God, and yet we believe that God is not the cause of sins. What is troubling is that if you admit that sins come from… God, pretty soon you’ll be tracing those sins back to God” (Augustine, 3). It therefore appears evident that God must be the root of all evil, as He created all things.
Aristotle’s argument was that, because everything physical was subject to change, there must be an immaterial, immutable mover, causing movement without being changed itself during the process. This is the Prime Mover. In a similar was, Judaeo Christians believe that God is invariable and eternal. These traditional theists think God is the creator of the world, and creates ex-nihilo, but is unaffected by these creations. He is purely a sustainer of the world and all things.
Evil is just a perversion of this good. Since all things are made from God, they start out solely good. Evil comes into play when this innate good gets corrupted. Augustine said, “For what is that which we call evil but the absence of good?” (Bourke 65). He defines evil as, “…what is evil, which is nothing else than corruption, either of the measure, or the form, or the order, that belong to nature.
Through interpretations of St. Augustine, J.L. Mackie, and David Hume's arguments in reference to the God and evil problem, the problems inherent in the argument will support the assertion that the Christian God cannot exist; the definition must be altered. St. Augustine argues that the world is fundamentally good and believes in the concept of the Great Chain of Being. God is the ultimate and supreme good and each being, in a chain-like fashion, is a lesser degree of the perfect idea of good. Evil only comes into play when a member of God's world renounces his/her role in the proper scheme of things.