Attention Restoration Theory: Two Types Of Fascination

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In his study, Kaplan (2001) defined environment fascination as the physical surroundings where people are free to pursue their interests, explore details in the environment, and personally define meanings in the environment. Fascination is a vital part of a restorative experience, which also requires for a person to completely change a habitual environment. Kaplan & Kaplan (2011) differentiate two types of fascination “hard” and “soft”. “Hard” fascination usually would give an effect of arousal, and includes factors such as fast movements and loud noises, for example, watching sports games on television or visiting the amusement parks. This kind of a fascination attracts an attention, which as consequences makes to loosen a self-control…show more content…
Attention Restoration Theory (ART) speak about the ability of a person to achieve a restoration of concentration by being in the natural environments. In the Attention Restoration Theory, Kaplan (2011) says, that mental fatigue is a result of the one’s direct attention and how it can be fulfilled, that person would feel restored. Living and working in an urban environment is usually associated with the elevated amounts of the stress. The fatigue is accumulating if one would direct its attention too long on tasks or stressful activities. This can lead to physical and mental conditions such as fatigue, irritability, and easy distractibility, sometimes even aggression. The recovering from mental fatigue is possible if one would switch ones’ attention to any other activities that are not requiring any attention at all like mind wondering or walking at the natural settings. Also, it is suggested to change the environment in order to achieve a better relaxation outcome. This permits to replenish and restore mental, cognitive and attentional…show more content…
In the study “Attention Restoration Theory: A systematic review of the attention restoration potential of exposure to natural environments” conducted by Ohly et al. (2016), applies a theoretical background to the research project. The researchers have done both an analytical literature review and experiments which included randomized studies related to the influence of natural environment on the individuals’ attention. The study was tested on natural and not natural settings and results were examined. According to Ohly et al “objective measures of attention were used. The study results supported the ART and hypothesis that the natural environments have a positive influence on attention restoration. Even though this study had positive results it had limitations in form of small sample size, not enough investigations and variation in study results. Ohly et al stated that because of a diversity of evidence there is some sort of ambiguity concerning which aspects of attention can be influenced by one being in the natural

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