ADHD is a genetic disorder and is highly heritable, this is also important to think of when diagnosing ADHD (Tannock, 2013). Doctors diagnose patients by reading rating scales that the child’s teacher and parents both fill out and listening to anecdotal information of people involved in the child’s life. They also shou... ... middle of paper ... ... K., & Kaiser, A. (2000). Language Characteristics of Children with ADHD.
In addition to a diagnosis of ADHD, children may also present with comorbidities such as learning deficits, mood disorders and antisocial characteristics (Ministry of Health, 2001). Goldstein (1995, as cited in Gol & Jarus, 2005) and Cantwell (1996, as cited in Gol & Jarus, 2005) explain referral to mental health services is prevalent for children with this chronic behavioural problem. For parents needing guidance in addressing concerns, a first point of contact may be a General Practitioner where symptoms can be discussed and referral to an appropriate service considered. As Laver-Bradbury (2013) states, clinicians within a children’s mental health service or paediatric setting are recommended, although McGonnell, Corkum, McKinnon, MacPherson, Williams, Davidson, Jones, and Stephenson (2007) suggest waiting lists for services can be detrimental. Child, Adolescent and Family Services (CAFS) is a mental health service specifically aimed at targeting the needs of children 0-19 years of age.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is often the center of ongoing debates in the medical field. Critics have described ADHD as a diagnosis used to label difficult children who are not ill, but whose behavior is at the extreme end of normal range ( (K. Lange, 2010). However, unbalanced chemicals in the brain cause ADHD. It is not something children can control and it is more than a behavioral problem. “ADHD is not a disease per se but rather a group of symptoms representing a final common behavioral pathway for a gamut of emotional, psychological, and/or learning problems” (Furman, 2005).
(2007). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and diverse populations. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 24(2), 195-207. Poncin, Y., Sukhodolsky, D. G., McGuire, J., & Scahill, L. (2007). Drug and non-drug treatments of children with ADHD and tic disorders.
Jouranl of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 46(4), 409-419. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00371.x Silliman, E.r., Diehl, S.F., Bahr, R., Hnath-Chisolm, T., Zenko, C., & Friedman, S.A. (2003). A New Look at Perfomance on Theory-of-Mind Tasks by Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, 34(3), 236-252. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Ral, S.M., & Gagie, B.
How is it possible for people to get OCD? I... ... middle of paper ... ...BBC Interactive (BBCi) Science and Nature:Human Body and Mind, retrieved April 5th, 2004 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/articles/disorders/gallery/gallery_case4.shtml?disorder=4&submit.x=5&submit.y=10 (7) Nangle, Douglas W., O’Grady, April C., Sallinen, Bethany J., Successful Medication Withdrawal Using Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for a Preadolescent with OCD. Journal of Academic Child Adolescence Psychiatry, 43:11, 1441-1444. November 2004. (8) Multiple Authors, Fluoxetine in Children and Adolescents with OCD: A Placebo Controlled Trial.
This paper will define the disorder, discuss the notion of over-diagnosing, and the potential risks of overprescribing medication for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Adolescence is often a time of bodily, societal, and mental evolution. Some will go through certain sequences or experiences that can be linked to specific choices concerning “family and peer relationships, sexual expression, vocational/educational development, and experimenting with drugs and alcohol” (Maag and Irvin, 2005). Having a consistent view of your life will help adolescents to effectively steer their life transitions in a positive direction. Steering these transitions can be difficult for some adolescents due to their specific personality structures.
The reviews all seem to share the same topic that ADHD must remain relevant. The medication may not be for every child, but the question of the safety of the children is. What is ADHD? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder also known as “ADHD”, is a mental disorder which seems to be a very common childhood brain disorder and the disorder continues through adolescence and adulthood. Children with ADHD have a hard time focusing so paying attention becomes unbearable.
However, it could potentially arise as the result of a stroke, traumatic brain injury, genetic disorder, or syndrome. ASHA states that it is important for one to “note that while CAS may be referred to as ‘developmental apraxia,’ it is not a disorder that children simply ‘outgrow’” (“Causes and Numbers,” 2011). With most disorders related to speech development, the child learns everything in the same order as others, just slightly slower than their peers. If a child is experiencing CAS, on the other hand, they do not learn sounds in the usual patterns and cannot improve without therapy or treatment. Though there is no cure for CAS, much progress can be made with “appropriate, intensive intervention” (“Causes and Numbers,” 2011).
Body of Paper If a child has autism their parents will usually know within the first 18-36 months. This is the time when a lot of growing of the child takes place and their disorder begins to come apparent (“Autism,” 2007). Some key signs of autism are the child tries to reject all types of social contact, act strangely, or lose their speech skills that they have previously learned (Kaale et. al, 2014). “A recent study of a U.S. metropolitan area estimated that 3.4 of every 1,000 children ages 3 to 10 had autism” (“Psychology Today,” 2009).