Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

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ADHD or attention-deficit hyperactive disorder affects 2.5% of adults and 5% of children residing in the United States (American Psychiatric Association, 2014). Obtaining an accurate diagnosis involves a multifaceted process using multiple measures of assessment including clinician-patient observation, interviews, and rating scales. With this in mind, it is imperative that the diagnostic criteria used to assess ADHD have sound psychometric properties. In particular, this paper investigates the structure, technical properties, practical aspects, usefulness, strengths, and limitations of the Conners 3 as a practical tool for the assessment of ADHD. C. Keith Conners has spent over four decades constructing assessment scales for ADHD and comorbid conditions in adults and children ages 6-18 years-old. The Conners 3rd Edition, or Conners 3 is an updated version of (CRS-R) Conners Rating Scales-Revised which offers a higher level of accuracy in diagnosis (Conners, 2008). This test was published by Multi-Health System in 2008 which include several scales: parent forms (Conners 3-P), teacher forms (Conners 3-T), and subject self-report forms (Conners 3-SR), global index (Conners 3-GI), and an ADHD index (Conners 3-AI). Prices range from $2.75 for a single online parent/self-report form to a $749.00 package which includes a manual in English, software program with answer key; parent, teacher, and self-report response, and quick-score booklets. Qualifications of test administrators include; psychologists, psychiatrists, clinical social workers, physicians, counselors that all must meet licensing requirements and be expected to follow an ethical code of conduct. Interpreters of tests must meet a minimum of graduate level coursework in tests ... ... middle of paper ... ...ral Science, 46(1), 40-48. doi:10.1037/a0029854 Musser, E. D., Backs, R. W., Schmitt, C. F., Ablow, J. C., Measelle, J. R., & Nigg, J. T. (2011). Emotion regulation via the autonomic nervous system in children with attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39(6), 841-52. doi: 10.1007/s10802-011-9499-1 Nilsen, E. S., Mangal, L., MacDonald, K., Oetting, J., & Redmond, S. (2013). Referential Communication in Children With ADHD: Challenges in the Role of a Listener. Journal Of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 56(2), 590-603. doi:10.1044/1092-4388 Tye, C., Asherson, P., Ashwood, K. L., Azadi, B., Bolton, P., & McLoughlin, G. (2014). Attention and inhibition in children with ASD, ADHD and co-morbid ASD + ADHD: An event-related potential study. Psychological Medicine, 44(5), 1101-1116. doi: 10.1017/S0033291713001049
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