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Attentention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD and What Can be Done About It

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder also known as ADHD is the common childhood brain disorders and can continue through adolescence and even adulthood. The symptoms of ADHD includes sign of inattention, hyperactivity and implusivity. (National Institute of Mental Health (NIH), 2012). Children with ADHD tend to experience problems in completing a task, academic performance and are often unpopular among peers. (Barlow & Durand, 2012).

Treatments for ADHD is classified into non medicine treatments and medicine treatments. Non medicine treatments are divided into Biological and Psychosocial interventions. The objective of biological approach is to minimise children's abrupt behavior, and enhancing their attentional skills. (Barlow & Durand, 2012). The psychosocial approach is to improve children performance in school, minimizing crude behavior and their social relationship.

Behavioral programme was introduced to assist both parents and children with ADHD. The purpose of the programme was to boast the attention span of children, build a better social relationship and to improve academic performance. This behavioral training has three formats; Behavioral Parent Training are classified as Parent training intervention, Teacher Training and child training interventions. (Rajwan, Chacko & Moeller, 2012).

Parent training intervention involved coaching parents on setting rules and consequences (eg. Reward) in improving child behavior. According to Barkley, 2002, the steps in parent training includes presenting information of ADHD in the form of video tapes and book, eliminating any misconception about ADHD, praising children verbal (this is to increase value of attention), giving effective commands to children and implementing a rewa...

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...ldren. (Rajwan, Chacko & Moeller, 2012). In addition, Baldwin & Cooper, 2000, feel that with the addition of medication to behavioral training, the behavior of children along with their academic performance increases.

In conclusion, children with ADHD shows sign of inattention, hyperactivity and implusivity. There are various treatment methods for ADHD, from non-medical to medical and finally the multi-modal intervention which is the combination of both. Among all the methods mentioned, the most effective method will be the multi-modal intervention. Both medication and behavioral training targeted on reducing impulsiveness,improving academic performance and improving relationship with people. However, both methods is only useful for a short period of time. Therefore, a combination not have the effect of both methods but it is useful for a longer period of time.
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