However, many Greeks were still vulnerable and many felt they needed to strike back against Persia for what they had done. These city states met and formed the Delian league, because Athens had been one of the most active city states in fending off the Persians it was decided that they would lead the Delian league. In the early years of the Delian League Athens prepared for an invasion by building the long walls, building up the navy, and securing more members for the Delian league. Initially the members of the Delian League contributed men, ships, and money to be used for their defense, however, eventually Athens would only collect money from its members. All of these preparations made Sparta nervous, because they thought Athens was preparing for war.
Although steps were taken backward in the course of democracy, the people of Athens learnt from these mistakes and strived for a better way of ruling their state. The road to democracy was a slow and plodding development. Early signs that a democracy could emerge in Athens came from them adopting egalitarian attitudes and ideas from the other city states, the colonies abroad and the hoplite phalanx. The Athenians embraced values from the city states around them. In Sparta, a citizen was a member of society who was automatically entitled to certain (even if few) rights.
This was probably the trouble which spurred the people of Athens to have Solon create new laws, on the other hand if the situation in Athens was as bad as Aristotle would have us believe then why would Solon wait to lay down the law, it would have m... ... middle of paper ... ...hip are the conditions in Athens when he was archon and the powers given to Solon. The first, the conditions of Athens at the time would seem to point to him having written it very quickly to resolve the situation before it became an open rebellion. The second goes with this but it is unprovable due to lost records. Aristotle records that the people of Athens gave him special powers. This could mean they gave him power to bypass the senate.
In most cases, the magistrates were only able to hold office for one year, this way they did not have enough time to accumulate power and ultimately overthrow the government or leave a significant impression on the Republic ... ... middle of paper ... ...bserve that this is quite similar in nature to the obligation a policeman has these days in the US when having to disclose someone’s right prior being detained. It is a check and balance construct that tries to keep the system just. In 509 BC, the Tarquin line of kings was drawn from power and Rome began its stand as a Republic. The changes in the government and society of Rome were immense and were for the improvement of the city and its people. This aspiring new Republic did not flourish overnight into the perfect society; with the birth of the Republic came many new problems.
Like Athens, lower class people are at a large disadvantage in these countries. Athens and Sparta have set examples that some countries still follow today. The poleis Sparta and Athens had many different ideas on how to run their societies. They overcame their differences and fought off the Persian invasion to defend their homeland. Without this victory our history would look very different.
One's first obligation as a Spartan was to the state, and one's noblest virtue was to lay down one's life for the state. Approximately 600 years before Christ, Sparta was feeling expansionistic pressure due to population growth and food scarcity and consequently launched a westward thrust against its neighboring state, Messenia. Sparta succeeded in conquering Messenia, but this led to a curious situation. What was Sparta to do with these conquered peoples who outnumbered them ten to one? An occupying army meant troops wasted plus the threat of revolt.
I have gone to the future, and I have seen the vast changes that will be made to the world in the next twenty-four centuries. The political nature of the current situation between Athens and Sparta of absolute power and security will be replaced by a more complex system because of technology and globalization. With the knowledge I have learned in the twenty-first century, the war would have a very different outcome. Power will still play a role in politics, but its role is very different. War between Athens and Sparta under the current system was inevitable, as both were competing for absolute power, or to become hegemons.
After news of Athenian expansion breaks out, the Spartans call upon a Corinthian representative to uphold the Greek tradition of cross-examination by other city-states. The first criticism that the Spartans received by the Corinth’s was that they had a fear of losing and thus they are homebodies who were slow to make moves3. The negative side of the Spartan stereotypes appear to be true in the early stages of the war. At first, the Spartans contemplate whether they should go to war or not ... ... middle of paper ... ... someone who wished to be a neutral source, it is suggested that Thucydides presents the stereotypes of the two city-states at the beginning of the History of the Peloponnesian war as a prelude to themes to come ahead. Thucydides wanted readers to understand that the Spartan’s won only because the Athenian’s developed arrogant habits.
It is amazing that the leaders of Athens would trust their citizens, albeit a select few, to make decisions and choices about their life style. It is also incredible to contemplate the discipline required to establish a military force when Sparta had no physical infrastructure to fortify their city-state. It is important to respect our past and learn from it. However, we also must recognize the limitations and not romanticize the past to the point we ignore its shortcomings and not forget that it took nearly 2000 years to abolish slavery. These ancient city-states neglected a large number of their people, and approved of slavery and the subjugation of women.
Our founding fathers deliberately engineered a government run by civilians with the aid of the military, not the other way around. This affects the military as we need to be vigilant against potentially threatening the sovereignty of our government by placing the nation in a situation to be easily overthrown. The primary danger in The American Military Coup of 2012 was the peoples’ desire for the military to run more facets of their lives. This desire stemmed from their satisfaction with the military and anger with the politicians running the government. The people saw how the military operated and got the job done.