Athens VS Sparta

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Did you know that the Greek civilizations of Athens and Sparta are actually very different even though they are both located in Greece? The civilizations of Greece of Athens and Sparta are very different, geographically, socially, politically, and educationally. To introduce you my essay, I'm first going to start talking about the comparisons of geography between Athens and Sparta.
First, I',l be compare and contrasting geography between Athens and Sparta. Communicating was very hard for this city-states because of its mountainous and rocky land. That’s what causes these communities to isolate from each other. Athens was found in a hill below the Acropolis, (the hill above a Greek city, on which temples were built). Athens had much problems traveling by land, otherwise, they thought of a better idea; building harbors to travel by water. However, Sparta was not nearly close from the coast, so they had more problems of traveling and communicating. Sparta was located South of Athens, closer to the center of Greece. Even in those times people would send letters, but because of its geographical features, it took them long to deliver a letter.
As you know we've all heard about agriculture and trading, but why would people do that in Greece? As I told you before Athens and Sparta have different methods of living, so they use those methods to get food. Athens has water but not so good soil to grow crops when Sparta has fertilized soil, but not enough space. Athens used their harbors to go trading with other city-states like; Phoenicia, Asia; Egypt, Africa; Carthage, Africa; Italy, Europe; Macedonia, Europe; and other places of Greece. However, in Sparta they depend more on farming although it’s a rocky place; for this r...

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...were both independent. Athens practiced democracy (a form of government in which power is held by the citizens which all freedman were able to share). Athens were the first ones to practice this form of government. Meanwhile, Sparta practiced Oligarchy, (in which ruling power is held by few people), in this case by two kings. Athens started democracy around 500 B.C.E. Sparta started ruling as an Oligarchy around 800 B.C.E.
In conclusion, even though both are in Greece it is easy to find differences and similarities. I choose this particular ideas because I thought they could tell you a lot about this places. The civilizations of Greece of Athens and Sparta are very different, geographically, socially, politically, and educationally. Hopefully, my essay imported you the point of this essay, to telll you the comparisons of the civilizations of Athens and Sparta.
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