Society must protect life but must also recognize the right to a humane death. When a person is near death, and in unbearable pain, they have the right to ask a physician to assist in ending their lives. For example, there was a case of Mrs. Brittany Maynard who was told by her doctor that she only had six months to live because of glioblastoma, an aggressive brain cancer, so she decided to relocate to Oregon so she can take advantage of the law allowing her to legally end her suffering with the aid of a physician. Advocates point out that it is ethical for a person to keep his or her dignity by putting a stop to the sufferings brought by terminal illness. The advocates believe that sick people who will die soon because of medical conditions should not be subjected to prolonged pain and physician-assisted suicide is the ethical way to do it.
Needless suffering will continue in the US if the laws are not changed to reflect the current changes in medical care. The first argument for euthanasia is that commit suicide should be legal in general because there are people who’s being treated for so long and there’s nothing that could heal them to live longer. Why shouldn’t they allow the patients to choose their lives? So in order for them not to suffer they should have the permission from a doctor to commit suicide. It’s painful for those who wants to end their lives, but it’s more painful if
The patients will have the understanding that if they cannot keep fighting the option is available. ¨ There is not more profoundly personal decision, nor one which is closer to the heart of personal liberty, than the choice which a terminally ill person makes to end his or her suffering and hasten an inevitable death¨ ( Sarah Henry, 1996, p. 10). If they are ready to end it, the option is available. They know the choice they make will affect them, but it also helps to know if they cannot go on they can tell the doctor and they will end it. ¨ Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations is the first religious group to pass in favor of Euthanasia for the terminally ill¨ ( Leading Issue Timelines, 2017, p. 8¨.
We don't have the freedom of speech unless we have the freedom to refuse to speak. The same goes for our rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, we can't have complete freedom unless we have the freedom to deny these things. We can't claim full control over our life if we cannot choose when to end it. Thus, people should be given the right to assisted suicide in order to end their unnecessary suffering, to preserve the individual right of people to determine their own fate, and to reduce the burden on their families both, financially and emotionally. Some are probably thinking what exactly is doctor assisted suicide?
But while some shout against the horrors of planned death, responsible adults are waiting out there for their chance to take control over their own life and how to end it. Assisted suicide is the action of taking a person’s life using a method that a certified physician has agreed to. Euthanasia is not wrong or unjust because it is every person’s own right to decide if they want the choice to pick the day when they die or not. When lawmakers made it okay to commit suicide, they used certain precautions so that no one is pushed into the wrong decision for them. These precautions include making sure that the patient requests suicide and fills out the necessary paperwork to act on their decision, only certified doctors are allowed to give out the prescriptions for the lethal drugs, and that the patient has to be given a diagnosis that will end in death (Prescription for Suicide).
The Bill of Rights state in the eighth amendment, “ nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted”, so would it be considered cruel inflicted punishment to deny a person with a terminal illness and a few agonizing months to live the right to end their suffering sooner? A health care professional takes an oath to preserve life and wellness so assisting a person with suicide would jeopardize their ethical and moral duty to their profession. Also, take into consideration if it is appropriate that assisted suicide holds up the health professional ethical principles of beneficence, and autonomy for the patient. Suicide is a permanent solution to a temporary problem. Humans can not choose they way they were bought into this world, so shouldn’t the way you exit be your decision not the government; especially when you are dying of a terminal illness slowly?
The choice of physician assisted suicide may be an irrelevant issue to some, but when it comes to terminally ill patients, it is definitely an observable option. These people must realize that taking a life, whether someone else’s or their own, is dishonorable. Assisted suicide should be against the law in all states because it would have an affect on medical procedures, persuade doctors to make the wrong decisions, and change the morality of people around the country. The people of this country are partially represented by the United States Supreme Court. In fact, the United States Supreme Court is going to become the final judge of this important issue because two United States Court of Appeals decisions have recently ruled laws forbidding physician-assisted suicide unconstitutional (Court 1).
One of the biggest pros to someone who is choosing Physician Assisted Suicide, is maintaining their dignity in this trying time. Being able to make their own choice when they want to end their pain, instead of prolonging the suffering brings some sense of peace. The patient is taking their death into their own hands, and by their own means’. Furthermore; the loved one/ patient takes their death into their own hands and can do it their own way. As Brittany Maynard stated, “I quickly decided that death with dignity was the best option for me and my family” (Maynard, 2014).
Doctors should not be prosecuted for assisting in the suicide of a terminally ill patient. We as a society must protect life, but we must also recognize the right to a humane death. When a person is near death, in unbearable pain, they have the right to ask a physician to assist in ending their lives. 40 percent of Americans say they would consider committing suicide if they were in severe pain, suffering from an incurable disease. 40 percent of Americans also say they would help a family member, in the same situation, kill them selves.
Derek Humphry’s intentions were to help terminally ill people die peacefully (“The Evolution of America’s Right-to-Die”). For other individuals who helped with assisted suicide they claim is is no different from taking a person off a ventilator or helped them stop dialysis, the decision is big, but it’s what is suppose to be done when a patient is suffering (“The Evolution of America’s Right-to-Die”). Derek Humphry had created an organization that Americans thought was crazy and unnecessary, “ And everybody said I was crazy- America was not ready for physician-assisted suicide. And I said, ‘oh, I think it is.’ And so I started out on a lonely path in 1980, campaigning for the right to choose to die when terminally ill” (“The Evolution of America’s Right-to-Die”). Most causes for legalizing euthanasia stem from unrelieved or undertreated pain of patients, with today’s modern technology, a lot of pain felt by patients can not be properly treated.