Getting any confusion out of the way of PAS and Euthanasia is important. There are a few differences. First, Euthanasia is a treatment that the doctor literally takes the critically ill patients life. While, PAS is where the doctor gives the patient the means and information, and the patient takes the treatment themselves. Euthanasia results in critically ill patients dying, even without their consent, to end suffering.
But while some may say that physician assisted suicide is immoral and impractical because it deserts the hope for further healing, patients who are at death’s door should have the right to die with dignity with the aid of a practicing physician as an alternative to continually living with the burden of a terminal illness. Allowing physician assisted suicide to be an option for terminally ill patients alleviates the suffering that they may have to endure. How can the government make a decision to keep aching patients from alleviating their pain? The incident of Matthew Donnelly illustrates the perfect case of a patient whose suffering had gone on too long: Matthew’s job of working with x-ray research had left him with skin cancer that slowly deteriorated his entire body. With an estimate of only a year left to live, Matthew Donnelly laid in bed in excruciating pain for days.
Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide In her paper entitled "Euthanasia," Phillipa Foot notes that euthanasia should be thought of as "inducing or otherwise opting for death for the sake of the one who is to die" (MI, 8). In Moral Matters, Jan Narveson argues, successfully I think, that given moral grounds for suicide, voluntary euthanasia is morally acceptable (at least, in principle). Daniel Callahan, on the other hand, in his "When Self-Determination Runs Amok," counters that the traditional pro-(active) euthanasia arguments concerning self-determination, the distinction between killing and allowing to die, and the skepticism about harmful consequences for society, are flawed. I do not think Callahan's reasoning establishes that euthanasia is indeed morally wrong and legally impossible, and I will attempt to show that. Callahan first goes on to state that euthanasia is different from suicide in that it involves not only the right of a person to self-determination, but the transfer of the right to kill to the acting agent (presumably a physician) as well.
Assisted suicide is when a person provides an individual with the information, guidance, and means to take their own life. When a doctor helps them take their life, it is labeled physician-assisted suicide. However, there is no euthanasia if what was or sometimes was not done does not intentionally cause the death. In some cases, medical actions are labeled "passive euthanasia" since the intention of taking life is lacking. Active euthanasia is intentionally causing a person's death by performing an action such as giving lethal injection ("Euthanasia Definitions").
Euthanasia involves a physician actively injecting a patient with a legal drug in order to end life (Engdahl 16). However, this is not the case when it comes to physician-assisted suicide. According to “Assisted Suicide Overview” by Lee Stingl and M. Alexander, physician-assisted suicide is any case in which a doctor gives a patient (usually someone with a terminal illness) the means to carry out their own suicide. Typically this is done by providing access to a lethal dose of medication, which the patient then self-administers. In other words, physician-assisted suicide is when a physician helps a patient end their own life by prescribing lethal drugs (Engdahl 16).
For now the law says that a physician cannot assist suicide; this law affects those who are already dying from incurable diseases. This law is causing suffering amongst those citizens with intolerable diseases, depriving the people of a human right, and causing debt that could be fixed. Euthanasia is the painless killing of a patient, and I believe that it should be legal in every way possible. Many argue against the pro stance of euthanasia due to moral views, but they are limiting their mindset to not think of the people who are in pain every single day. James Rachels, a professor of moral philosophy writes in Bioethics “the distinction between active and passive euthanasia is thought to be crucial for medical ethics” (77).
Euthanasia is defined as the painless killing of a terminally ill patient by means of lethal injection by a doctor in a controlled medical environment. Similarly, physician assisted suicide (PAS) is when a patient requests a lethal prescription from a doctor or pharmacist to end their life before a fatal disease does. The two are akin to each other and are almost interchangeable in definitions. Being a highly controversial topic, there is a plethora of arguments surrounding PAS, all very emotionally driven and opinionated. There are those who firmly believe that euthanasia should be legal, pointing to morality and ethics to defend their position.
Physician assisted suicide helps terminally ill patients commit suicide to relieve them of their pain. According to the website kevinmd.com, James C. Salwitz, an oncologist who blogs on the website Sunrise Rounds states in the article “An argument against physician assisted suicide”, that “quality of life at the end of one’s life is not guaranteed and perhaps not even likely.” Physician assisted suicide can be beneficial to a patient who prefer quality of life versus longevity. In addition, a patient who is experiencing a terminal illness should have a right to choose death over life and visa-versa. According to merriam-webster online dictionary physician assisted suicide is “suicide by a patient facilitated by means or information (as a drug prescription or indication of the lethal dosage) provided by a physician who is aware of how the patient intends to use such means or information.” According to wikipedia.com, an online encyclopedia; there are certain requirements that need to be met in order to be eligible for physician assisted suicide, such as the patient being within six months of death. In addition, Wikipedia states "The process is set forth in law, including the requirements that the patient must be of sound mind when requesting assisted suicide, as confirmed by a doctor and other witnesses, and the patient must be diagnosed with a terminal illness."
(BBC) Voluntary euthanasia falls into 2 categories once the patient has decided to choose suicide. Passive voluntary euthanasia is when the doctor continues life supporting procedures but prescribes his or her patient with a medicine that will become toxic when taken the prescribed amount of time. After several doses the patient will slowly and painlessly die. This, in most cases, is not even referred as euthanasia due ... ... middle of paper ... ...family. It would also help to get more patients in the hospital with diseases or injuries that have a chance of being cured rather than a patient with an irreversible coma take up space with no hope of coming out of their coma (The World Federation of Right to Die Societies).