Assessment Of Water Hygiene

848 Words4 Pages
Question: An assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene promotion needs: A plan for data collection Introduction: Water is a basic necessity of life, and is not only vital for human survival but also plants and animals as well. There are several uses of water such as but not limited to: drinking, cooking, cleaning, washing, for agriculture, industry, generation of power, transportation etc. Exposure to contaminated drinking water, poor sanitation and poor hygienic practises has been found to contribute to about 88% of deaths from diarrheal diseases according to the World Health Organisation. (Prüss-Üstün A, 2008). Estimates by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention show the mortality due to diarrhoea, of children below 5 years to be 801,000 contributing to 11% of the 7.6 million deaths of children below 5. According to a report by the UN, washing hands can reduce diarrhoea by 35%; improved water sources reduce morbidity secondary to diarrhoea by 21%; disinfection of water can reduce diarrhoea episodes by 45% and improved sanitation reduces diarrhoea morbidity by 37.5%. (UNDP, 2005) Access to safe water and proper sanitation and hygiene is very essential to the very survival of the human race and for maintaining good health. Diseases are prevented this way, death is averted and general wellbeing is promoted However, this has not been the case in most parts of the world, especially in developing countries and this has mainly resulted from: financial constraints, poor personal hygiene, and poor maintenance of water and sanitation facilities and due to little attention given to the water, sanitation and hygiene sectors. (WHO, 2014) The problem: In order to assess the water, sanitation and hygiene needs of the region mentio... ... middle of paper ... ...f waste as well as disposal of excreta, current water, sanitation and hygiene related diseases, farming practises in the region, sanitation practices especially after using the latrines, to mention but a few. Baseline information can be obtained using questionnaires which are administered to the people in languages that are easy for them to comprehend since there are different towns to consider. Existing information may also be obtained from reports on previous projects done within the region, maps e.g. geographical, soil maps, aerial maps; satellite data, or from institutions such as government agencies within the Pessima region. The purpose of collecting existing information is to make the users of the services feel part of the project that will be constructed in their area and make it easy for them to be able to easily take it up and also share what their future
Open Document