Artificial Neural Networks

1003 Words5 Pages
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) were built to model the brain for the purpose of solving the problems humans alone cannot as well as to advance, artificial intelligence. To approximate organic beings and gain great computational power, to become a technological hybrid between sentient beings and advanced electronics; they are the future of advanced robotics.
They can be used in miscellaneous fields such as speech recognition, prediction of stocks, weather and so on.
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) approximates the probable function that will likely produce the best output. This is done through extensive training of the system and the use of ample training rules which allows the ANNS to recognise repetitive paradigms and use them to solve problems that the system has not encountered before. These systems model the mammalian cerebral cortex (the brain) and its neurons, hence the name artificial neural networks. Before understanding the complex structure of an artificial neural network, a rudimentary knowledge of an organic neural network is essential.
The human brain consists of over billions of neurons interconnected by trillions of synapses. Neurons exchange electrical impulses through the synapses attained from other neurons or from the senses. When something novel is experienced, these neurons create new connections which may weaken, fortify or alter through time. These are the experiences or the memories that humans recollect and is a basis for the fundamental of decision making and problem solving. Artificial neural networks use these same principles; they model an approximate function based on the input and output rules and use this function to predict the output for a problem that the system has never faced. The simple...

... middle of paper ...

...hworks.com.au/products/neural-network/ http://www.techopedia.com/2/27888/programming/what-is-the-difference-between-artificial-intelligence-and-neural-networks http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Relationship_between_artificial_intelligence_and_neural_networks_with_help_of_a_scenario?#slide=1 https://sites.google.com/site/assignmentssolved/mca/semester4/mc0076/5 https://sites.google.com/site/assignmentssolved/mca/semester6/mc0088/6 http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~nd/surprise_96/journal/vol4/cs11/report.html http://fann.sourceforge.net/fann_en.pdf http://books.google.com.au/books?hl=en&lr=&id=RTtvUVU_xL4C&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=artificial+neural+networks&ots=Gaf-ujyEVC&sig=EkmwrfqC4MRdpHPyDnp5VDbDtFk#v=onepage&q=artificial%20neural%20networks&f=false http://osp.mans.edu.eg/rehan/ann/Artificial%20Neural%20Networks.htm
http://www.psych.utoronto.ca/users/reingold/courses/ai/cache/neural2.html

More about Artificial Neural Networks

Open Document