Article Review Of The Real Cheese

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Ethan Younas
RUID: 140002612
Infant and Child Development

Article Review

Article: Where is the Real Cheese? Young Children’s Ability to Discriminate Between Real and Pretend Acts by Lil Ma and Angeline S. Lillard

1. What is the aim/purpose of the study? (2 points)

The purpose of the study is to determine and discern the ability of children two to three years old to distinguish a real event from a pretend event. Children in the study examined two individuals performing the same acts, except one was actually performing the act and the other was pretending to perform the act. For instance, one act that was performed by performers in the study was eating real food versus replica food without any evidence about the content that was presented to them. Following the conclusion of the act by the performers, the child in the study was asked to discern the real food. Furthermore, the study determined that children three to two and a half years old are able to differentiate between someone actually eating real food and someone pretending to eat replica food centered only on the behavioral cues of the performers. Additionally, the article discussed probable reasons for the distinctive behaviors of the child in the study.

2. How did the investigators measure the topic of interest? (2 points)

The topic of interest was the comprehension of pretense for children between the ages of two and three years old based strictly on behavioral cues due to the lack of content information. The first experiment included fifty children in the final sample, which consisted of eighteen 2-year olds, sixteen 2.5 year olds, and sixteen 3-year olds as well as equal numbers of males and females at each age. Researchers measured the topic of interest by a p...

... middle of paper ... pretense based on behavioral cues alone without content information is a significant aspect of cognitive development for children. I do not believe that there were any problems in the design or methods used to perform this study that could affect the results and conclusions. That is because the researchers screened and pretested the children in the study. Furthermore, the children in the study were capable of setting a good demonstration of whether or not they could understand pretense at the ages of two to three years old. Additionally, I believe that the finding that two to two and a half year olds were not able to exhibit the knowledge they received explicitly was a due to the design of the experiment. If it were a longitudinal study the results would have been completely different or even if the trials were one by one with some rest in between for the child.
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