Watchers would have regarded the witches with suspicion and fear, just as Macbeth and Banquo do in the opening scenes. There is suggestion that this play was written for King James I, as he had a keen interest in the supernatural and occult ideas. Evil is shown in two ways throughout this play. We see the fight between virtue and immorality within characters; through struggles with their conscience, but they are also shown as forces in the outside world, which arose from religion, and ideas of Heaven, Hell, God and the Devil. The theme of evil is shown through unnatural occurrences, the witches, and within characters.
Reverend Hale wants to prevent this and tells the Proctors, “God keep you both; let the third child be quickly baptized, and go you without fail each Sunday in to Sabbath prayer; and keep a solemn, quiet way among you”(70). If the Proctors cover up their faults in their religious duties, accusations will not come upon them. Because the Church and State are so closely tied in Salem, faltering in church, means faltering with the law. 7. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, the plot is filled with copious amounts of grudges between characters.
The other members of the congregation felt that the sermon “had such a powerful lot to say about faith, and good works, and free grace, and preforeordestination” (183). Twain demonstrates how sermons were no longer effective at converting sinners or motivating saints; instead they had been reduced to a series of... ... middle of paper ... ...ned those who helped slaves achieve freedom. Huck rejects the salvation offered to him by the religion of his society, and instead chooses to “go to hell” (246). Huck rightly observes that “you can’t pray a lie” (246). This was the state of religion in Huck’s society.
Richard Giannone describes “A Good Man is Hard to Find” as “God’s transforming love by confronting the reader with a condition of true goodness amid the stark brutality of serial murder” (46). In “A Good Man is Hard to Find”, Flannery O’Connor frequently references religious symbols to describe the characters and their actions. Toward the end of the play the grandmother frantically tries to persuade The Misfit to pray and that Jesus would help him. The Misfit replied stating, “Jesus was the only One that ever raised the dead, and he shouldn’t have done it. He thown everything off balance.
Religion is commonly seen as something that saves people from their troubles and sins. Tennessee Williams mocks religion in the play “The Glass Menagerie,” and challenges the whole idea of religion. Tennessee Williams criticizes religions ability to provide aid and comfort in times of desperate need or poverty. This is made blatantly clear by the evident references to religion. Amanda commonly makes jokes concerning religion, and she herself is often intertwined with religious references.
Leah, the daughter who harbours the most respect for her father, initially refers to him only in the context of religion – ‘his tone implied that…[Mother’s] concern with Better Crocker confederated her with the coin-jingling sinners who vexed Jesus till he pitched a fit and threw them out of church.’ She is describing the cleansing of the temple in John 2:13-22, but the fact that she can reference it freely, and even put it into her own words, demonstrates that she has been heavily influenced by the Bible. Kingsolver is perhaps trying to show that religion can be used to control the way people think, and she portrays Christianity as highly potent. Leah continues to incorpo... ... middle of paper ... ...e way Nathan treats his daughters, or for the religious clash between Western values and Congolese beliefs. Nathan, with his oppressive dogmatism, encounters obstacles because he refuses to accept anything but his own beliefs, thereby displaying his utter cultural arrogance ‘…the few here that choose Christi-an-ity over ignorance and darkness!’ Kingsolver makes him a slave to an ancient, uncompromising text, depicting his struggle to force it upon people who have no interest in it. Nathan’s personal religion was poisoned when his company died ‘on the death march’.
Reverend Hale is a dynamic character whom comes to rid of the evil spirits in Salem, yet he later tries to end the trials. Hale realizes the accusations are false, attempts to postpone the hangings, and persuade the victims to lie conveys that he is a dynamic character and changes throughout the play. Hale realizes the town is crazy in the accusations that are being made; therefore, he feels as if he cannot help. Hale first came into the town to help a girl who was said to be possessed by the devil. Hale wanted to rid the town of the evil spirits that were going against the Church’s teachings.
He prepares himself to ignore any conclusions based from emotional involvement or sensibility by keeping at hand lawful books to guide him. He trusts his books to keep control over the arising dilemma. In addition, when two church-going women, Martha Corey and Rebecca Nurse, are accused of witchcraft, the women's husbands begin to argue the case, but Hale still defends the court: "`I have seen too many frightful proofs in court -- the Devil is alive in Salem, and we dare not quail to follow wherever the accusing finger points!'"(68). Although it is ludicrous that two of the most la... ... middle of paper ... ...the first few people persecuted, he realizes the integrity of life and that it cannot be wasted. He recognizes that he had mistakenly contributed to the death of those in the trials, and now wants to put an end to the hangings and save the lives of those undeserving of death.
Then while questioning the other girls, one of them mentions that Tituba, Reverend Parris’s servant, was the one doing witchcraft against them. In anguish Tituba confesses of doing witchcraft. Reverend John Hale convinces Tituba to go back to God and in this moment Reverend John Hale thinks he had caught a witch and saved the “afflicted girls” and in t... ... middle of paper ... ...the beginning Reverend John Hale’s intentions were good, just like Joseph McCarthy’s intentions in the 1950s, but they both got caught up in their reputations. Reputation played a tremendous role in The Crucible. The fear of guilt by association became destructive.
The play deliberately uses differences to show us as the audience that there are clear contrasts between Abigail and Elizabeth. Miller also composes the idea about religion verses witchcraft by introducing once more a contrast between Abigail and Elizabeth-Abigail is in an earthly court causing people’s deaths and Elizabeth is in her own heavenly court which only she controls-. The issues which are brought up in the play makes the dramatic piece more relevant to today by making the play not only about the happenings of witchcraft but about the crime of adultery, which makes the play more about a love triangle between Abigail, Elizabeth and John. This allows us to be captivated throughout the whole play as to which woman John will finally choose!