It was a situation of hysteria. This was very similar to the situation in Salem two hundred years earlier. The people of Salem would believe anyone to be a witch even if they had very little or no evidence. Salem was governed by theocracy this meant the church ran the local government, therefore they had orthodox religious beliefs. Arthur Miller compares these two situations to show that we all should learn from past mistakes.
Firstly the existing and deep rooted allegiance of many lay people to the Church of England and secondly with diversity of belief allowed to flourish; there was a loss of national identity therefore engendering no national loyalty to the Presbyterian cause. So were the Presbyterians ‘undone by an unlimited Christian liberty’? Or did the strength of the Anglican Church win through? What seems certain is that by the mid 1650’s those that had welcomed revolution were ‘appalled by the Pandora’s box which they had unwittingly opened’ and were socially, politically ... ... middle of paper ... ... The Godly Nation’’ in John Morrill (ed) Oliver Cromwell and The English Revolution.
The Church in England's Need for Considerable Reform in 1529 Many historians argue, that it is not true to say, that before the Reformation England was a land shrouded in the mists of ignorance; that there were no schools or colleges for imparting secular education till the days of Edward VI. ; that there was no real religion among the masses, apart from practices such as pilgrimages, indulgences, and invocation of the saints; that the people were up in arms against the exactions and privileges of the clergy, and that all parties only awaited the advent of a strong leader to throw off the yoke of Rome. But there were a number of problems, which need to be considered. Many historians have argued that the people of the early 16th century agreed with Henry in his decision, to break with Rome because the church in England was a deeply unpopular institution. Anti-clericalism according to this line of argument was widespread.
They followed their church’s teachings blindly, as many of them could not read the scripture themselves. As the colonists began to educate themselves, they found that their interpretation of the readings did not always match what was preached to them in Sunday’s sermon. Even with the vamped up services and revivals during the Awakening many continued to question organized religion and separate from the Catholic Church. Many smaller denominations resulted from these breaks caused by the Awakening, leading to the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther even wrote entire doctrines based on his differences of opinion which would eventually form the basis for the Lutheran Church.
At one point during the Inquisitions, there were three different popes! This caused great confusion (Weidenkoph, S. & Schreck, A, 2009). Heretics threatened the Church and the Church’s teachings, and some of the heresies infiltrated into the clergies’ teachings, corrupting the church community. There was no separation of church and state so that most countries were governed by the rules of the church. The doctrine of the Church sifted in with secular rulings, providing no boundaries between religion and government (Weidenkoph, S. & Schreck, A, 2009).
Oliver Cromwell Although the disputation of religion also helped to stir up the English civil war, its fundamental causes were the constitutional conflicts. Many English and the members of the parliament, including Oliver Cromwell, were not satisfied with how the king ruled over their country. This was interfused with the conflicting issues over religions. Many English may have been frustrated by William Laud, Charles’ main political advisor pointed as the archbishop of Canterbury in 1633, who attempted to make reforms in the Church of England. However, his actions were not revolutionary to trigger the civil war.
The Plymouth colony would have failed entirelyif the Pilgrims had not received assistance from local Indian tribes. The Pilgrims had received permission from England to settle farther south in the New World, but they had sailed off course and lacked any legal sanction for their land claims or their government in Plymouth. English authorities, however, distracted by ... ... middle of paper ... ...regationalism fostered a growing diversity of opinion and practice, because each local church was free to go its own way. By the end of the seventeenth century, many churches had adopted more liberal standards for admission to membership or to the sacraments of baptism and communion. Divisions among New England's Congregationalists became even more pronounced after the 1730s because of the first Great Awakening, a major religious revival.
The Threat of Anne Hutchinson Seventeenth century England brought about a great deal of religious change. In 1606, when King James came to power, the theology of the Anglican Church drifted towards the idea that individuals could achieve salvation through their actions during life (Wheeler & Becker, 36). The transition to this belief system brought enough controversy to cause one group of reformers to seek a new colony: the Puritans of Massachusetts Bay. Following a more Calvinist theology, this group of people sought to reform the church based on the belief that individuals could not influence the will of God (Lecture, 9/21/15). One of the 14,000 or so puritans who sought out a new life in this new land was Anne Hutchinson.
At the time, Denmark, where Hamlet is set, was a protestant nation. So, what is the Protestant Reformation, and what caused it? Well, according to http://truth.info.com, “Protestant Christianity began in the 1500's when a group of people began to protest against some of the wrong things they believed the Catholic church was doing and teaching. These protesters became separated from the Catholic church and formed their own church, which was more incline with what th... ... middle of paper ... ...nd highly developed yet nearly impossible to decipher. This is why analyzing his background, setting, time period, characters, use of literary devices, and even the meaning behind his many soliloquies is so utterly important.
Hale asks Proctor, “… I note that you are rarely in the church on Sabbath Day. Twenty-six time in seventeen month, sir… Will you tell me why you are so absent?” (Miller 64) An example of the strictness of religion and moral beliefs in The Scarlet Letter is when Hester is patronized for her sin. The religion forbid it, therefore it was strongly frowned upon by society. This strong following of Puritan religion is conveyed in both novels and mentioned throughout. As law is in most communities today, there is no doubt that religion was put on one of the highest pedestals of the Puritan community.