Salesman Willy Loman is in a crisis. He is about to lose his job, he can't pay his bills, and his sons Biff and Happy do not respect him and cannot seem to live up to their potential. He wonders what went wrong and how he can make things up to his family. The story is revealed through Willy's illusions-where much of story is told- so in consideration of the audience, it is possible that the events have not occurred the way they are seen, though the audience has no idea since they are seeing it through Willy's eyes. Willy is so depressed that he does not know what he is doing, he's got bills, insurance, etc to pay and cannot seem to find a way he can do all this.
Due to Willy’s delusional dream, he is unable accept the reality he lives in causing him to live in the past. Since he cannot accept reality, society and the very nature of business is changing around him and he is incapable of realizing where his failures lie. Willy’s last resort of committing suicide is a result of his inability to adapt to and accept reality. While Willy displays elements of a tragic hero, many can argue that he is more of a pathetic man than he is a tragic hero, but ultimately his desire to become a successful salesman is his demise.
You named him Howard, but you can’t sell that." Even though Willy wasn’t even getting paid a salary, Howard didn’t want him to even represent the company in case Willy "cracked up" again. Although Willy is mostly destroyed by his own ideals there are other things that destroy him as well, like Howard, Happy and Biff. Willy is emotionally destroyed when Howard fires him. Then, both of his sons disown and abandon him in Frank’s Chop House.
Once Mr.Loman lost his job he doubted himself more and began to make bad decisions also had took a wrong turn in his life that just made things worse for him. Mr.lomans insecurity and self-doubt was what hurt him and willy feared failure so much that he ended up becoming a failure. Willy Loman was a “Lo-man” below everyone instead of getting back up from his failure and try to change his actions. Dreams are one of the hardest accomplishments to achieve in life today, But they are also very easy to slip away by little mistakes. Mr.Loman’s dream had formed out to fail on him because he took the wrong path to his dream.
As the play unravels we realize that he more than just a financial failure but also socially, personally and morally. These failures and faults are not only confined to him but they rub off on his family. The storyline shoots from present day to past throughout the play this does not affect the theme of Failure very much but helps us understand and realize how these failures came about. Willy's entire life is a succession of missed opportunities and chances, and he considers himself a failure because of it. At the beginning of Act 1 we see him failing to make the drive to his business appointment, so he's going to miss out on making a sale because of it.
He could never admit that he was not a good salesman. So convinced, Mr. Loman was sure that he could advance in his profession and cease traveling to proceed business close to his home. When his dream ended worse than expected, Willy Loman felt that he was a man of absolute failure. Not only were Willy’s failures in his work place adding up, but the management of his household was placing a burden upon him too. Willy always had to pay for repairs, such as the mortgage, the insurance, and other bills.
Willy Loman definitely does possess a tragic flaw, and in his case it is pride. Loman cannot accept that he is a terrible salesman, a substandard provider, and suffering from mental illness. He borrows money every week from Charley, his neighbor, so that he can tell his family stories of his successful sales trips. While Willy definitely does possess a tragic flaw, another criterion required by Aristotle is peripeteia, a character's reversal near the end of the story for the purpose of self-reservation. Willy definitely does not meet this criterion.
Everybody feels depressed at some time or another in their lives. However, it becomes a problem when depression is so much a part of a person's life that he or she can no longer experience happiness. This happens to the young boy, Holden Caulfield in J.D Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. Mr. Antolini accurately views the cause of Holden's depression as his lack of personal motivation, his inability to self-reflect and his stubbornness to overlook the obvious which collectively results in him giving up on life before he ever really has a chance to get it started. Holden lacks the essential ability to motivate himself, which he needs to survive in the 'real' world.
(p.83) When Willy first heard this from his boss, that is a man younger than him begins to cry. A man his age working in a company that long doesn't really deserve to be fired. It makes his life seem a waste, and makes him imagine himself as a failure. "I was fired and I am looking for a little good news to tell your mother, because the woman has waited and suffered." (p.107) Willy is clueless of what is to come of his family and feels he has let everyone down.
In Death of a Salesman, by Arthur Miller, Willy Loman’s life seems to be slowly deteriorating. It is clear that Willy’s predicament is of his own doing, and that his own foolish pride and ignorance lead to his downfall. Willy’s self-destruction involved the uniting of several aspects of his life and his lack of grasping reality in each, consisting of, his relationship with his wife, his relationship and manner in which he brought up his children, Biff and Happy, and lastly his inability to productively earn a living and in doing so, failure to achieve his “American Dream”. Willy’s relationship with his wife is clearly a cause of his collapse. Willy neglected to demonstrate honesty in his relationship with his wife.