The poor would always be in false consciousness state because unaware of society or the mind set to reach the top. Marx felt that the struggle would destroy unity and lead to a divide between the classes. Marx showcases Division of Labor as isolating the individual. In the workplace, the individual would be disconnected from his task/role and would lead to repetitive task as well as competition to each other. Hegel is very important Enlightenment thinker to Marx because they formed hi... ... middle of paper ... ...s a consequence would result in a revolution of the capitalism system.
The Proletariat are being exploited in order for the Bourgeoisie to gain economic and cultural power over them; Marxists believe this leads to antagonism, arguments and conflict between the two classes. An example of this could be in a factory. The manager owns the factory, which is a means of production, so he is a Bourgeoisie whereas the factory workers are the Proletariat because they work for the manager in exchange for wages. Functionalists argue that society is organised much like the Human Body. Everything must function correctly in order for society to work as a whole, just like every organ in the body must function correctly in order for the body to work as a whole.
The idea of Marxism came about as a rejection to capitalism. Marx is associated with the idea of establishing a classless society. Under the capitalist society there was a class struggle between the working and owning class. The owning class exploited the working class by making them dependent on the owning class for survival. The working class was dependent on the ownin... ... middle of paper ... ...uation M-C-M is associated with the owning/ruling class because they make money through the transfer of money.
Marxist critics champion authors whose works challenge economic equalities found in capitalist societies (“Literary Theory”). They find complications in capitalist societies portrayed in works of literature. They look at whom the work benefits, how the lower and working classes are oppressed, how the different classes are represented, and the values that are overthrown (Brizee). This type of lens highlights the corruption of classes in a capitalistic society by looking at each class
Without much invest... ... middle of paper ... ...m meet together, even for merriment and diversion, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices.”. Capitalism has proven itself to be a corrupt, unjust and exploitive system which favors the rich and powerful over others and creates social and economic divides. It erodes our basic democratic principles that many of the founders of our nations strived for. Through class divisions, capitalism keeps the poor and rich separate and ensures that the social mobility of hard working individuals is prevented. It causes rifts in relationships between men and women and through control of our mass media and institutions; it perpetrates false dreams in order to keep the masses oppressed.
If those living a life of poverty suffered and worked a little harder, perhaps they might experience a life of wealth too. This was a very different viewpoint from the Marxist who saw the suffering of the working class as a result of the unfair and random distribution of wealth. The two images show the contrast between the beliefs and ideas of Marxism and Socialism. Both believe that they have the solution to the problems of the Industrialist society and vehemently believe that the other is wrong. Marxism and Socialism were both responses to Industrialization and played a huge role in shaping the ideas of society.
Labour power makes capitalist to take advantage of proletarians who do not own anything and work for them in order to survive. In the capitalist societies there is inequality in income between rich and poor, especially in wages and the distribution of money. Also Marx argues for the exploitation of the working class by the bourgeois and tries to keep surplus value that benefits them. Capitalist is a system of class struggles in order to survive, it created conflicts amongst others and humans see other humans as competitions. As I mention above the critiques of Marx is still relevant in capitalist societies, for instance United States, where there is a lot of inequality and different classes.
Thus, it can be said that "the bourgeoisie reign is doomed when economic conditions are ripe and when a working class united by solidarity, aware of its common interests and energized by an appropriate system of ideas, confronts its disunited antagonists" (Rideneir). If the text of the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles is analyzed using this historical form of Marxist criticism, which is context-oriented, the perpetual class struggles within this society at Thebes is revealed. Upon reading the play, there is an apparent class structure found throughout. In Oedipus Tyrannus, two mai... ... middle of paper ... ...s own fate. Among class struggles, the lower class will in some way, rise to defeat their rulers.
The evils perpetrated upon the working class, the proletariat are enumerated and the injustice of the capitalist economic system, whereby a few get rich off the labor of many, is outlined. In Marx’s work, the virtues of communism are portrayed. He anticipates and refutes the objections of the bourgeoisie and demonstrate the benefits to be gained by all through communism. Through the appeals of pathos and logos, Marx conveys his ideas of communism through his works of, “The Communist Manifesto”. His works deals largely with contemporary social movements, whose inadequacies are outlines.
Karl Marx believed that the mode of production was the defining element of any period in history, and he called this economic structure the base of that society. In fact, he believed that the ideas and culture of a given stage were derived from the mode of production. He referred to ideas and culture as the ‘superstructure’, which grew up from the more fundamental economic ‘base’. According to Marx, the inequitable control over factors of production and property leads to creation of ‘class’, and these classes will have clashing interests, which will inevitably leed to conflict. This concept of ‘Class Conflict’ is intrinsic to Marxist Theory.