Western culture had many important effects on the United States as a developing nation, and art education was no exception to this. In order to come to terms with the impact of Western culture on American art education, it is important to chronicle the progression of art education throughout Europe. Spanning centuries, the political, social, and economic development of European nations, each played an important role the philosophies of art education, which in the long run, affected American ideas concerning the subject.
According to the National Art Education Association’s goals for schools, “all elementary schools shall require students to complete a sequential program of art instruction that integrates the study of art production, aesthetics, art criticism, and art history,” (Clark, 1987). Elementary schools are having difficulty because they are cutting back on the fine arts programming and many non-specialist classroom teachers are expected to integrate the fine arts into their daily curriculum. Most of these teachers feel inadequate and uncomfortable when teaching these subjects. The children are receiving inadequate lessons in art education. All elementary schools should expand their curriculum to include the fine arts as subjects, and licensed specialists should teach these subjects.
Art Education is not always valued in school settings. Although some may see it as an unnecessary use of school funding, there are many who believe it is beneficial to students in more ways than one. There are many different studies that have been conducted to test the effects that art education has on school-aged children. Some studies have proven that art education can help students to improve in other academic areas. In a journal article from Ohio State University’s “Theory in Practice,” Karen A Hamblen states, “There are linkages between art learning and learning in other subjects areas and that art study can promote creative behaviors, critical thinking skills, and academic achievement.” It has also been found that the arts can teach children better self-regulatory strategies, and even foster more confidence and self-efficacy in school which relates to confidence in academics. Overall, art education in schools has been very beneficial and has proven to ignite creativity, confidence, critical thinking skills, and academic achievement in students.
Art can be used to raise scores in every subject, “Students who took four years of art classes scored 91 points higher on their SAT exams than those who took half a year or less. Multiple studies also confirmed that there is a correlation between art engagement and students’ other achievements.” (Valeriya Metla) Even with the research linking art and better grades some educators think that it is more worth while to only focus on the core classes because it is more important to fund what is being tested than to help raise children who are creative.
Lets paint a picture together. Blank walls, silent rooms, and shy students are what is brushed on the canvas. Our picture is a result of the limitations put on the powers of artistry. Staci Maiers validates that “the school play, the marching band, the drama club, the student art show - they’re usually highlights of a student’s education” (1). “. . . [Fine Arts] can connect people more deeply to the world and open them to new ways of seeing, creating the foundation to forge social bonds and community cohesion,” (qtd in Smith 2). Maiers expresses, “Because fine arts education typically is not considered core curriculum or included on high-stakes standardized test mandated by federal requirements, music, art, theater, and dance usually are the first to be left handed” (2). It is proven that “involvement in the arts is associated with gains in math, reading, cognitive ability, critical thinking, and verbal skills” (Smith 2). Fine Arts should remain a curriculum at public schools, because artistic creation can bring out the timid students, soundless pupils, and uncultured intellects.
Since 2001, budget cuts in art education have increased dramatically. In New York from 2006-2011 funding for art education in public schools were cut 68% (Phifer 2).This epidemic is spreading all across America due to the push for better standardized test scores. Reading and math have become the governments highest priority, leaving the arts in the shadows. But what if the arts could also improve test scores? Despite what many government leaders believe, budget cuts in art education are depriving Americas children emotionally, academically and socially.
As quoted by the College Board of 2005, “Students who took four years of arts coursework outperformed their peers who had one half-year or less of arts coursework by fifty-eight points on the verbal portion and thirty-eight points on the math portion of the SAT.” Many articles on the internet claim that education of the arts is important, not paramount, but statistics are showing otherwise. The creativity students are gaining by participating in the arts does not go unnoticed, but unfortunately not all can open their minds to these striking facts. Need Ghomeshi, editor of Florida International University’s student media site (fiusm.com) believes that “more time needs to be allocated to textbook education. Unfortuantely, the continuously disappointing public education system in the United States promotes the arts while losing focus on textbook education” (Ghomeshi 2). It is in times like these that the arts need attention that they sadly, are not getting. These studies are of the utmost importance in education curriculums, and statistics are showing that participation in theatre, dance, visual arts and music are extremely beneficial for students getting ready to begin standardized testing. An arts education assists children and teens of all ages with a stronger focus and mindset in and out of the school setting. The significance
Many teachers in the arts programs attribute these negative affects to the shifting of educational priorities resulting from the institution of the NCLB act. This is because, while the NCLB Act does include the arts in its classification of core subjects, the law’s emphasis is on testing reading and math skills. This, in effect, narrows the curriculum, diminishing the value placed on the arts and instead puts the focus on the more heavily emphasized subjects such as reading and math. As an unfortunate consequence, surveyed teachers have reported that “NCLB has had negative effects on scheduling, workloads, and funding for their art education programs” (Sabol, 2010). But should the arts be considered educationally less important when compared to developing reading and math skills? To answer that, consider what the arts provide for the developing student that is important in regards to their intellectual and
In today’s society anything can be considered “Art”. From the great sounds of a symphony, to the architecture of a modern structure, or even an elephant painting with its trunk, art is what the viewer perceives it to be. Individuals will always agree or disagree with the message behind a certain piece of art, as pieces can be offensive to some, but beautiful to others. Some argue that funding the arts in school is a waste of money, time, or a combination of both, but the benefits outweigh the negatives by far, due to a variety of reasons.
Therefore, A lot of schools are now implicating a program called Art integration. As Marshall, the author of “Transdisciplinarity And Art Integration: ...