Virtue presents humans with identification for morals, and for Aristotle, we choose to have “right” morals. Aristotle defines humans by nature to be dishonored when making a wrong decision. Thus, if one choses to act upon pleasure, like John Stuart Mill states, for happiness, one may choose the wrong means of doing so. Happiness is a choice made rationally among many pickings to reach this state of mind. Happiness should not be a way to “win” in the end but a way to develop a well-behaved, principled reputation.
To reach a goal something good has to occur and when deciding what good is we come to find that happiness is the chief good. Therefore happiness is always an end in itself. Happiness also is dependent on the cultivation of virtue. It is the value of your life up to this point. Here Aristotle uses deontology to look at what one ought to do and why.
In book 1, “Aristotle makes it clear from the beginning that actions chosen for their own sakes are among the things chosen for the sake of some end, and hence (as he will go on to argue) for the sake of some ultimate end” (172). He believes that virtue is a small step that ultimately ends in one’s happiness. Virtues are instrumental ends because they are links in the chain that one takes for the sake of achieving happiness. He believes that virtues are good because they are done for their own sake, but in a secondary way to the ultimate goal of happiness. Also, Aristotle believes that one will acquire happiness through living and being active.
Aristotle’s term for happiness is eudaemonia, which translates closer to “well-being” or “flourishing”. Eudaemonia is not a matter of feeling happy, but being happy from just feeling happy. Aristotle thought that there was a highest good of human action, which is happiness. He identifies the good in all action with the end toward which the action is directed, if there is an end of all things we do, than this will be essential towards good attainable by human action. He says there is a general agreement that happiness is important to the end of human action, but there is disagreement about what happiness is.
In order for happiness to fit Aristotle’s definition of the good it must be “unconditionally complete” meaning “choiceworthy in itself”(1.7.1097a34) and “self-sufficient” meaning “lacking nothing”(1.7.1097b15). To be the highest good happiness will need to be the “mos... ... middle of paper ... ...Aristotle’s conclusion relates human good, activity of soul and excellence. It is this expression of virtue through action that allows happiness to be obtained. Such dependence on virtue sets the scene for Aristotle to examine virtue more closely. He will elaborate on the two parts of reasoning well (virtue).
It is a good that is chosen for its own sake and is the mean to the highest good , which is happiness . There is a contemplation about what constitutes as happiness , because it is dependent on each individual . Aristotle argues that a person’s life can not be determined as happy or unhappy until after they are dead . He says this because we consider human’s life as a whole not as a brief moment in time , therefore we can not establish if a person has a happy life until we can evaluate their life as a whole . Virtue is a right or appropriate feeling at the right time , towards the right person or object in the right way .
Aristotle argues in the Ethics that we are unable to find happiness in an end that is pursued for the sake of something else. We will only find middle level goods here such as goods like pleasure and honor. These are goods that we can attain and be pleased by attaining them but they will not make us happy. We ... ... middle of paper ... ...onception of happiness as an activity which human beings engage in throughout a whole life is better than the conception of happiness as a form of instant gratification or momentary pleasure. Understanding happiness in this way can help us lead better lives by practicing what is good and what is virtuous continuously and endlessly.
Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics In Book I of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that the ultimate human goal or end is happiness. Aristotle describes the steps required for humans to obtain happiness. Aristotle states that activity is an important requirement of happiness. He states that a happy person cannot be inactive. He then goes on to say that living a life of virtue is something pleasurable in itself.
In fact, they would not say that they will live in a happy life. It just something that people desired for its own sake. Aristotle claims that not real happiness but people just desired for its own. Human being tries everything to pursue the happiness, and believes that it will be completed. He concludes that virtues are soul’s habits by which one acts well for the sake of what is noble or
';(Cooley and Powell, 459) He refers to the soul as a part of the human body and what its role is in pursuing true happiness and reaching a desirable end. Aristotle defines good'; as that which everything aims. (Aristotle, 459) Humans have an insatiable need to achieve goodness and eventual happiness. Sometimes the end that people aim for is the activity they perform, and other times the end is something we attempt to achieve by means of that activity. Aristotle claims that there must be some end since everything cannot be means to something else.