Aristotle Between Aristotle And Hobbes

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Aristotle and Hobbes have different views on what is good, which results in contrasting moral theories. These philosophers both have different views on what is good, how to act, and how to be. The way in which Aristotle defines happiness, is opposed in the views and beliefs of Hobbes. Aristotle believed that there was a final good and opposing him was the belief that Hobbes had which was that there was no final good. They both believed that being moral wasn’t only good for you but also good for others. Although both philosophers believe that you have to be moral in order to be good, their definitions of both happiness and moral virtue differ. Aristotle’s goal in, “The Nicomachean Ethics,” is to argue that there is such thing as a chief good as well as to argue his definition of happiness. He believes that happiness is the chief good, which you obtain by being morally virtuous. He states, “If, then our activities have some end which we want for its own sake, and for the sake of which we want all the other end…- it is clear that this must be the good, that is the supreme good (Aristotle, 4).” By this statement he is defining chief good as a good desired merely for its own sake, and that we desire other things for the sake of this good. He believes that happiness is a chief good because, “happiness more than anything else is thought to be just such an end, because we always choose it for itself, and never for any other reason. (Aristotle, 14).” This is supported by the chief good argument to what we conclude that there is at least one good desired for its own sake. Although Aristotle believes that there is a chief good, we have to ask ourselves what is good and what is bad. We define this by examining our choices. Through the r... ... middle of paper ... ...y our reasoning in which we take steps to secure our own life, which would be to be at peace. The laws of nature are rational rules that lead us to become moral. In the beliefs of Hobbes, he states that moral virtues are simply arrangements to follow the laws of nature. Therefore, by following the laws of nature, you are being morally good and you are being at peace. It is important to follow Hobbes laws of nature because through them we are not at war, rather we are at peace and felicity. In his views, we cannot be at war because somehow there’ll be a time where we’ll need each other. To not be in the state of war, we need a common wealth. A common wealth is good within the laws of nature because it is the state in which there is a sovereign, who make sure that the agreements that were set in the second law of nature are being kept. According to Hobbes, justice is
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