Aristotle And Happiness

Good Essays
In the First Book of The Ethics, Aristotle states that “true happiness is activity that expresses virtue.” This idea is expressed that happiness is a state of being, which the world around said mind cannot contribute to this state of being. However, happiness defined during his time is more about achieving and being able to fulfill these virtues and not only look at the instant gratifications in life, such as pleasures in only material form. Happiness seems to be Aristotle’s reason that people tend to aim and “hence the good has been well described as that at which everything aims.” (23, Aristotle) Aristotle saw that neither notions toward happiness, such as wealth, honor or other ordinary pleasures that people tend to lean toward could not…show more content…
Aristotle believed that materialistic goods and basic human desires would in return block a path toward virtue. “Nonetheless, happiness evidently also needs external goods to be added, as we said, since we cannot, or cannot easily, do fine actions if we lack the resources”. (Aristotle, 31). This Virtue Aristotle keeps mentioning is defined as being “of thought and Virtue of character. Virtue of thought arises and grows mostly from teaching, and hence needs experience and time. Virtue of Character [ i.e of ethos] results from habit [ethos]; hence its name “ethical”.” (Aristotle, 35) Aristotle claims that the Virtues of Character do not come to us at birth by nature, rather they come during the time and are instilled in us with life. Aristotle in Book 2 states that Virtue is or must be one of the conditions of the soul, either; feelings, capacities, and states. A moral mean is rather difficult to find and the individual that is searching for this mean can not only be rational but must be able to adapt their characteristics to the certain reason. Aristotle makes an example of having too much or too little of something can distort the…show more content…
Socrates says that a Philosopher should welcome death, though it is not right to commit suicide. “Then Evenus will be willing, like every man who partakes worthily of philosophy. Yet perhaps he will take his own life, for that, they say, is not right.” (Plato, 61c-61d). Basically, Socrates explains that we are part of the God’s plans and should not deem harm upon ourselves. Socrates also explains to Cebes that we are servants to Gods and should be happy to be their servants and show gratitude for being so. Socrates then added how a philosopher should not coward when death arrives, even after their entire life they prepared for death, it is simply illogical to do so. This idea relates to the doctrine of the soul and its relation to the body by how death separates the soul from the mortal body. Being a philosopher, distancing oneself from bodily and mortal pleasures such as alcohol, sex, or fancy items, can help the transition from one 's soul to leave its body. Socrates does his best to distance himself from the distractions of the body that try to influence the mind to lead his reason astray. Socrates believed that a person should only act on reason and reason alone. He also believed that Justice, wisdom and other things cannot exist by itself, but rather can only be experienced if the polar opposite of it. Instead, the wisdom of itself can help extinguish the bodily desires of materialist things in
Get Access