Question One, Part One The Utilitarian moral perspective and Kant’s moral perspective offer fundamentally contrasting ethical philosophies based on the theoretical reasoning behind choosing a particular action. One difference between these theories is that Kantianism focuses on the intentions and moral obligation behind our actions, while Utilitarians emphasize on the consequences of our actions. According to Kant, one should act according to a maxim or personal principle that guides decisions.
group or perspective. The basic logical formulation for the moral relativist position states that different societies have empirically different moral codes that govern each respective society, and because there does not exist an objective moral standard of judgment, no society’s moral code possesses any special status or maintains any moral superiority over any other society’s moral code. The moral relativist concludes that cultures cannot evaluate or criticize other cultural perspectives in the absence
life, is found in truth. Proceeding in the same fashion with Plato’s successor, Aristotle, takes us to a slightly different conclusion owed to the fact that Aristotle does not agree with Plato’s view of truth, approaching it with a more dogmatist perspective, or with Plato’s idea of happiness, which he criticizes as too centered on th... ... middle of paper ... ...l as integral to and subject to the necessities of the state. Truth and happiness do not arise from acceptance of one’s place as a manual
analyzed, accurately, by examining their contemporary epistemic or aesthetical discourses. This fact is debated by Heath in Aristotelian Comedy as he argues that the contents of comedy should be turned from the ethical norms of routine social conventions. Therefore, it is necessary to distinguish between the universal ethics in Aristotelian sense of a comic plot, and universal ethics if such a thing... ... middle of paper ... ...theory of comedy’, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Vol.
Lee Yearley, the Religious Studies professor of Stanford University, works mainly in comparative religious ethics and poetics. His focus is particularly on materials from China and the West. For example, both his book Mencius and Aquinas: Theories of Virtue and Conceptions of Courage (abbreviated as Mencius and Aquinas below) and Journal Virtues and Religious Virtues in the Confucian Tradition discuss the field of early Chinese thoughts as well as relating Chinese cultures with western religions
Aristole’s Nichomachean Ethics is a critically acclaimed piece of literature that has laid the framework for philosophy as we know it today. It is considered to be a historical piece that was the first to address ethics in a unified, clear, and concise manner. The book was translated by F. H. Peters with an introduction by Hye-Kyung Kim. Aristotle was one of the great early philosophers who ventured to speak to humans about how they conducted themselves as they related to others; however, some of
these two spheres felicitous to ecological hermeneutics is their respective detachment from the lifeworld, a detachment which characterizes each of their decision procedures. Gadamer’s hermeneutic enterprise is modeled on a retrieval of the Aristotelian model of science which calls into question the modern notion of ratiocination detached a priori from experience, from the lifeworld. Through this hermeneutic enterprise Gadamer develops a theory of science whic... ... middle of paper ... .
in business whether they like it or not. Therefore it is necessary for a person to conduct himself/herself while performing any type of business. This code of conduct better known as Business Ethics can be strengthened by following and applying Confucian ethics in the corporate world. Although Business Ethics today is highly influenced by western orientation, it bares its root directly from the teachings and values of Confucius. Another great philosopher from the west by the name Aristotle lived
To speak of the political philosophy of Thomas Aquinas, or to articulate a so-called Thomistic political theory, necessitates that one understand the scope and breadth of the totality of the Thomistic corpus. In order to discover what Aquinas taught concerning political matters and man’s life as a political animal, one must piece together various works that form more of a complete whole. When the topic of Aquinas’ treatment on political life is at hand, a two-fold temptation can arise: in one way
“What is right is right, even if no one is doing it. What is wrong is wrong, even if everyone is doing it.” -Source Unknown Can business ethics be taught in a classroom environment? Recent corporate scandal, many business school have offered more ethics and corporate responsibility courses. The American people have lost faith in corporate American and their primary responsibility to increase shareholders value. In 2007, an article in Fortune Magazine “Business is Back” stated “the shaming is over