Arguments For and Against the Reintroduction of the Death Penalty for Murder

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Arguments For and Against the Reintroduction of the Death Penalty for Murder

The death penalty was abolished in the United Kingdom in 1965.

(Blackwell 1968.)

The abolishment of the death penalty was not a simple case. Since 1957

the issue had

been before the House of Commons more than 19 times. However the death

penalty is

still used today in many countries across the world. During the year

2000 at least 3,058

people were sentenced to death in 65 different countries. (www.amnesty.org

2001.) This

essay will discuss arguments for and against the reintroduction of the

death penalty for

murder.

One of the most straight forward arguments for the reintroduction of

the death penalty

for murder, is that once an offender has been executed they are

obviously unable to kill

again. (Hudson 1996.)

A study by Bendall found that in the 17 years before the death penalty

was abolished

eleven police officers were murdered. He then studied the 17 years

after the death

penalty was abolished and found that twenty-seven police officers were

murdered, which

is more than double the figure than before. Therefore this is evidence

that the abolition

of the death penalty resulted in an increase in the rate of murders.

(Sorell 1987.)

In May 1982 there was a debate on the clauses in the Criminal Justice

Bill in the British

House of Commons. If this was successful then the death penalty for

certain crimes in

England and Wales may have been reintroduced. One of the speakers in

the debate,

Arthur Lewis, claimed that he had experienced a deterrence effect of

capital punishment.

H...

... middle of paper ...

...Human Rights.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Coke, J. B. & Martin, J. P. (1958) Licensed To Live. Basil Blackwell

Ltd: Oxford.

Emsley, C 'The History Of Crime And Crime Control Institutions' In

Maguire, M. Morgan, R. & Reiner, R. (eds) (1997) The Oxford Handbook

Of Criminology. Oxford University Press:Oxford.

Feldman, P. (1993) The Psychology Of Crime. Cambridge University

Press: Cambridge.

Hagan, J. Gillis, A. & Brownfield, D. (1996) Criminal Controversies.

Westview Press: Oxford.

Hudson, B. (1996) Understanding Justice. Open University Press:

Buckingham.

Morris, T. (1989) Crime And Criminal Justice Since 1945. Basil

Blackwell Ltd: Oxford.

Sorell, T. (1987) Moral Theory And Capital Punishment. Open

University: London.

www.amnesty.org (2001)

www.deathpenaltyinfo.org (1997)
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