Argumentative Essay On Rice

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Rishav Guha The Golden Grain The World Health Organization states that an estimated 250 million children are Vitamin – A deficient ("WHO"). Every year 250,000 to 500,000 of these children go blind, half of them dying within 12 months. Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of preventable childhood blindness and is one of the most prominent causes of death in children. Golden Rice is a genetically engineered product designed to combat this widespread deficiency in areas where they 're most prominent, in an affordable manner. Golden Rice has faced immense controversy and opposition, and although that is important in any endeavor that deals with human health, the issue needs to be made more aware, because it maybe an inexpensive solution to…show more content…
In rice-based societies, the absence of β-carotene in rice grains manifests itself in a marked incidence of blindness and susceptibility to disease, leading to an increased incidence of premature death of small children, the weakest link in the chain.” ("The Golden Rice Project"). Surprisingly, rice plants do produce provitamin A, but only in the non-edible part of the grain. Golden Rice overcomes this problem by genetically modifying the grain, thus enabling the actual edible grain to accumulate provitamin A ("The Golden Rice Project"). Genetically modifying organisms is far from a recent undertaking. Guiding and reshaping animals and plants to make them more desirable, has been a facet of humanity for more than 14,000 years (Kingsbury). The very act that changed human race forever, our transition from hunter-gatherers to farmers and herders, was a form of gene manipulation. Domestication of plants and animals is the simplest form of controlled reshaping of an organism’s genes, through artificial selection. That means that individuals that had similar traits were bred together to propagate and emphasize desired characteristics. However, genetic engineering as in the direct manipulation of an organism using biotechnology, was first attained by Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen in 1973 (Arnold). All they did was insert a gene into a bacterium, to make it resistant to a particular antibiotic. Little did they know that their microscopic act would instigate the whole controversy-engulfed issue of GMOs or genetically modified organisms (Genome News
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