Argumentative And Dialogue Style In Plato's Apology By Plato

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Classical Greece is noted for various contributions to modern society. Perhaps one of their biggest contributions is the development of philosophy. Socrates, a well-known Greek philosopher, gave the modern world the Socratic Method, among others. He challenged many Athenian values while reaffirming others. Unfortunately, all that is left of his teachings are those that were written down by his students, most notably by Plato. Through Plato’s Apology and Phaedo, Socrates’s argumentative and dialogue styles reaffirm the Athenian value of participatory culture while refuting the value of relative glorification of the human body in effective and ineffective ways.
In Apology, Socrates utilizes an argumentative style when speaking to the Council
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The dialogue style consists of Socrates lecturing on a topic, pupils asking him questions, and Socrates answering those questions. Socrates shows this when he talks about death and the life of the soul with Simmias and Cebes (Plato, Phaedo, 15-25). Socrates draws the conclusion that the soul pre/outlives the body. Simmias uses the analogy of the harmony and the lyre to try to explain his question of the soul dying while the body survives while Cebes uses the image of a coat weaver to illustrate his confusion on the soul going through numerous bodies and then dying (Plato, Phaedo, 20). Socrates precedes to correct them by using logic questions to get them to understand the immorality of the soul (Plato, Phaedo,…show more content…
He shares with the council how much he loves and gives his community. He shows them that by questioning each person’s values, he is allowing only the good values to influence the community (Plato, Apology, 11). This translates over to his punishment being death over exile. His dialogue style also allows him to effectively challenge the Athenian value of glorification of the body. This style allows him to talk about the soul. It also allows him to gain the devotion of his pupils because he does answer their questions. This type of devotion allows Socrates’s theory about the soul to live on till today. It is not immediately effective in Greek society though. The Athenians continue to worship the human body and hold the Homeric Ideal of masculinity as a high esteemed belief (Levack, 107). This is shown in the artwork of the period as well as the prevalence of athletics and war glorification that eventually ends up be passed on the Roman society (Levack,
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