“Posttraumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Family Violence: Overview and Issues.” Professional Psychology Research and Practice 38.6 (2007): 613 – 619. PsychINFO. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. Neal D. Ryan et al.
Web. 4 Jan. 2014. Stott, Tonia. "Placement Instability And Risky Behaviors Of Youth Aging Out Of Foster Care." Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal 29.1 (2012): 61-83.
When a child becomes aware that they were adopted and what that entails, as to them having been given up by their biological parents for whatever reason, the curiosity of a young child will develop such a deep, permanent idea of something is wrong with them. Ajmera also states that “They [the child] may wonder why they were put into adoption, and whether something was wrong with them when they were born to be undesired.” Again we can see that this mindset for a child can become very destructive to their self esteem. Also, since they are at such a fragile age where they are so dependent upon others opinions, anything believed by others is seen as concrete knowledge. Ajmera continues with “And as a result they [the child] may suffer an extreme lack/ or loss of identity.”Identity loss is the main symptom of self esteem issues. Children typically tend to look to their parent or guardian of the same ge... ... middle of paper ... ...ren in the United States are adopted.
26 Feb. 2014. Richardson, Christina D. Rosen, Lee A. “School-Based Interventions For Children Of Divorce.” Professional School Counseling 3.1 (1999): 21. Vocational and Career Collection.Web. 26 Feb. 2014 Vousoura, EleniVerdeli, HelenWarner, VirginiaWickramaratne, PriyaBaily, Charles.
Web. 3 Feb. 2014. Hampden-Thompson, Gillian. "Family Policy, Family Structure, and Children’s Educational Achievement." Social Science Research 42.3 (2013): 804-817.
Though many adult children would like to believe that their parents raised them a certain way because that is what they felt was appropriate, many do not realize that outside influences affect parenting styles. Although many things attribute to parenting style and the relationships between parents and children development, the influences that cause the most harm to parenting skills the most are financial status, birth order of children, culture, and religion. While it is one of the simplest influences, financial status negatively affects parenting styles in almost every family. In cases where there is a lack of money, parents struggle to give their children the things they want and sometimes need. Showing the connection between having little money and parenting, Haerens states, “the combination of unemployment and housing and food costs have forced many low-income families throughout the country to cut corners on food and forego nutritious meals,” (Haerens 15).
The parents are the models for children’s gender roles, how a children learn to partake in the world and their relationships with others. Children can experience the parent model in a va... ... middle of paper ... ...4, from http://www.adlerian.us/atmosph.htm Stein, H. T., & Edwards, M. E. (n.d.). Classical Adlerian Theory and Practice. Classical Adlerian Theory and Practice. Retrieved March 25, 2014, from http://www.adlerian.us/theoprac.htm Stein, H. T. (n.d.).
"Long-term Follow-Up of Young Children Placed in Foster Care: Subsequent Placements and Exposure to Family Violence." Journal of Family Violence 18.1 (2003): 19-28. Academic Search Premier. Web. 15 Oct. 2013.
Yamagata, S., Takahashi, Y, Ozaki, K, Fujisawa, K. K., Nonaka, K., Ando, J. (2013). Bidirectional influences between maternal parenting and children’s peer problems: a longitudinal monozygotic twin difference study. Developmental Science, 16(2), 249-259. doi: 10.1111/desc.12021.