Are Fast Food Restuarants to Blame for Obesity?

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Several studies have shown that the increase in fast food restaurants over the past few decades has resulted in a negative impact on the already outrageous obesity rate.According to the National Bureau of Economic Research, the number of fast food restaurants over the past thirty years has tripled, which equates to about three hundred thousand establishments in the United States alone. During this time the number of children, ages six to nineteen classified as obese, has risen from five percent to seventeen percent. The percentage of adults classified as obese has risen from half to two-thirds the population. Although fast food restaurants may be a contributing factor to the increasing obesity rate in the United States, people are ultimately responsible for their own health. Obesity, according to Dr. Joan F.Tryzelaar, is defined as a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on a person’s health, leading to reduced life expectancy and increased heart problems. Obesity can be classified by a person’s body mass index or BMI. A BMI of twenty five trough twenty nine is considered overweight, while a BMI of thirty or more is considered obese. The severity of a person’s obesity can be further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the hip to waits ratio and total cardiovascular risk factors. There are a number of reasons a person become obese. Consuming too many calories is among the most common contributor to obesity. As of two thousand four, women are consuming, on average, one thousand eight hundred seventy seven calories a day as opposed to the average of one thousand five hundred forty two calories in nineteen seventy one. Men are consuming an average of two ... ... middle of paper ... ...ttp://>. Dillner, Luisa. "Dr Dillner's Health Dilemmas: How Much Exercise Must I Do to Stay Healthy?"The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 30 July 2012. Web. 09 Apr. 2014. . Lüsted, Marcia Amidon. Obesity & Food Policing. Edina, MN: ABDO Pub., 2008. PDF. “Obesity and Sleep." Obesity & Sleep 2. National Sleep Foundation, n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2014. Prakash, Reshma. "Physical Inactivity A Leading Cause of Disease and Disability, Warns WHO." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2014.. Tryzelaar, Joan F., MD. "Obesity." Cardiac Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014. .

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