Arctic region

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To many outsiders the Arctic is pictured as a deserted, blank piece of land with no life. Little did they know that the Arctic Region is actually inhabited by many native Alaskan groups, and that still to this day continue practicing their subsistence lifestyle. Native Alaskan groups such as the Gwich'in Indians, Inupiat Eskimos, Yup'ik and Aleut still depend on the geographic features of the Arctic. For not only their subsistence lifestyle, but also the preservation of their culture.

The word "Eskimo" means "those who eat their meat raw" in the Algonquian language; it also is another name for the Inuit. The word Inuit means "raw meat eaters". Which was actually true since most diet of the Inuit was eaten raw. Ocean and tundra animals were traditionally the target of the Inuit. Since plants did not grow in the Arctic environment, meat and fish was the main diet. The Inuit used kayaks to capture their food that lived in the ocean. Sizes of the animals did not seem to matter considering that whales were one of the animals that subjected in their hunts. Just like most of the native Alaskan groups the Inuit respected the animals. Before or after their usual hunting, they would often perform their traditional rituals in memory of the appreciation of the hunted animals.

Years before electricity or any modern technology entered the Arctic region; The Inuit lived in circle domes called "igloos". There were no wood available out where they lived, so they had to get creative and use the snow that surrounded them. In which they had molded into gigantic blocks as a substitute instead. During the summertime they traded out their igloos for tents as shelter. At times they would add animal skins on their tents if it wasn't warm e...

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... Religion in the Arctic region of Alaska have two major components, Shamanism and Anamism. The Inuit being strongly connected to land and environment, because of their hunting reflected onto their religion. The Shaman is a strong figure in the native tribes of the Arctic region of Alaska. Most of the time the Shaman is a he, but a female is also allowed. The Shaman acts as the doctor, the protector, and seen as the wise one. At the beginning of the twentieth century many missionaries came to spread Christianity to the natives. It was successful many native Alaskan groups especially the Inuit refer to themselves as Christians to this day.

Works Cited

http://www.arcticcentre.org/InEnglish/SCIENCE-COMMUNICATIONS/Arctic-region/Arctic-Indigenous-Peoples http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/polar/myths_arctic.html http://www.cabrillo.edu/~crsmith/noamer_arctic.html
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