Such as the cylindrical shape of Forum Boarium, this was an original shape for the Romans along with the roof. Eventually the Hellenistic architecture was being pushed out by Romanization. When Rome gained leadership over Neighboring countries and was starting to unite the cities, in about 300 B.C. Rome started to gain it’s own unique architectural culture. When Rome was expanding they build grids of roads, and with this advance Rome had a much greater ability to build massive projects.
Clearly states that Romans had applied comprehensive methods and guidelines in constructing new architectures. Because of this impeccable mentality, the Romans architectures have flourished to the modern world. Many countries in the world have based their public structures such as basilicas, libraries, universities, monuments, courthouses, and more. In order to understand how Roman architecture has influenced the modern world, we must first understand its history and innovations throughout the lifespan of its empire. We have already learned that the beginning of Rome’s originals foundations was a collaboration of designers and engineers from a variety of different cultures.
Roman’s were clearly superior engineers compared to their competitors because Roman engineers developed new and innovative concepts that were never introduced before, therefore contributing to the success of the Roman Empire. Rome was the leader in many things whether it be political, economic, or social. Architecture was also one of these leaders as seen in ancient Rome. Roman architecture did use concepts that were thought of by earlier architects, however they were able to innovate ideas in the past, and therefore quickly and effectively applied it into the new construction that would become the Empire of Rome.1 The new construction techniques involved the introduction of new materials such as concrete.2 The city of ancient Rome was located over top of a large volcanic deposit and this volcanic rock served as one of the main materials used in the creation of concrete.3 Some of the earliest examples of the use of concrete by the Roman’s can be seen as far back as 117 B.C with the reconstruction and enlargement of the podium of the Temple of Castor, as well as in 174 B.C when Portius Aemilius rebuilt and restored a large warehouse along the Tiber River.4 The Roman’s were careful not to leave any extra concrete unused, and therefore they used the remaining rubble as a filler between stone masonry.5 They also noticed that ... ... middle of paper ... ...uld not of been possible without the insight and cleverness of the engineers that conducted these extravagant layouts and designs and is a factor to how Roman engineer’s used intelligent and strategic thinking. In conclusion, Roman architecture and engineering contributed much to Rome’s development and power as an empire.
Roman Architecture Many centuries before the birth of Christ, the city of Rome grew, prospered, and developed into a thriving Republic. As in most cultures, Rome's buildings became more elaborate and impressive. They developed fantastic building technologies and ideas. The feats of Roman engineers were groundbreaking, and many structures built by this culture still stand today. With knowledge borrowed from the Greeks, Rome made impressive architectural achievements, these were namely major attributes of buildings, colossal structures, and a legacy that would influence later buildings (Cornell and Matthews 11).
Given by these examples it is shown that roman architecture has greatly influenced the architecture of today. Roman architecture, has provided us with magnificent structures that are still standing today. Romans used Architecture as an imperial tool to demonstrate to the world that Rome was culturally superior with their wealth, skills, and showing what their capable of. The Romans use of different material such as concrete and brick, and their making of basic structures changed and improved building designs like the amphitheater and basilica that would greatly influence all following western architecture right up to the present day. Without their innovations buildings and city systems would be very different then what they are today.
But during this time an enormous number of innovative and massive structures were built that defined Rome as the dominant power in the ancient world. During this time Rome reworked its earlier principles to be used in the government and religious buildings. Cement also played an important role in the ability to construct complex domes and ornate arches. Another major change that occurred was the extensive use of marble in construction, unlike earlier brick buildings.... ... middle of paper ... ...ed the small farming village on the banks of the Tiber into a thriving city. Throughout the Republic of Rome, advances were made in complexity and design alongside the introductions to new cultures during Rome’s conquests.
New architectural forms, such as Roman temples, are not isolated inventions specific to a singular culture, but rather a unique combination of elements borrowed from the Etruscans and Greeks, shared through forms of information exchange, such as the unification of the Roman Empire. There are various forms of Roman temples, but many are defined by their axial orientation, stemming from Etruscan architecture and exemplified by the Temple of Mars Ultor in the Forum of Augustus. Augustus came into power during a time when Rome was extremely run down and corrupted. As a result, he began to transform Rome by cleaning up the city and rebuilding structures, ultimately changing the city to the grand center it came to be. Augustus did not invent the Roman temple by any means, but he drew attention to it by emphasizing the forum surrounding the temple.
Ancient Rome is well recognized for its potential to produce large, dense and complex network of infrastructure ranging from roads, aqueducts, bridges, baths and temples. The Romans were impressive builders, and some of the structures built by the Romans that still stand up today exhibit this. By having large infrastructure, it was one of the fundamental aspects that allowed the Roman empire to maintain its expansive territory. The Roman empire began to flourish and sparked a golden age of technological advancement. Pioneering of the arch and vault (figure 1) increased the scale of construction in Rome gave the Romans the ability to produce tall buildings that lead to the invention concrete in the second century BC, that developed a whole new age of architectural and constructional thinking.
Civil construction as roads and bridges began to be built. The Romans further used the arch, the vault and the dome, which were all used just before, mainly in Europe. Their innovative use of Roman concrete has simplified the construction of many public buildings of extravagant dimensions throughout the empire. These include Roman temples, Roman baths, Roman bridges, Roman aqueducts, Roman ports, Roman amphitheatres, Roman circus palaces, and even churches in the late empire. Architects such as Philibert Delorme, Androuet du Cerceau, Giacomo Vignola and Pierre Lescot, were inspired by new ideas and architecture continued to thrive in the control of Henry II and Henry
After adding the bricks, they put on an extra layer of marble for decoration. One of the biggest improvements that the Romans made in architecture was the invention of the arch. These arches added a great amount of weight to the structure. To help support this weight, the Romans invented a type of building material that is called a keystone block. The force on top of the arch was directed down to this keystone block.