The peace that Israel seeks is often hampered by those who claim that the violence and unrest in the region is solely their fault. However, what people will not tell you is what blame the Arab nations hold for destroying any viability in the hope for peace. While the history of the Jewish people in Palestine goes back to Biblical times, the current conflict there has an origin in tensions that began to brew during the late 19th century. Theodor Herzl, often considered the father of modern Zionism, published Der Judenstaat, or The Jewish State, in 1896. In his book, he called for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, citing fears of hostility in the places where Jews were already living, such as Russia and France: No one can deny the gravity of the Jews’ situation.
(NIV ed.). Grand Rapids: Zondervan (2012). Israel/occupied palestinian territories. Amnesty International, Retrieved from http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/israel-and- occupied-palestinian-territories Ahmad, H., & Last Abu-Lughod Lila, (2009). Nakba: Palestine, 1948, and the claims of memory.
http://palestinefacts.org/pf_ 1991to_now_israel_us_support.php “Palestine, region, Asia”. The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th Ed. http://www.bartleby.com/65/pa/Palestin.html “Passfield White Paper”. http://palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_whitepaper_1930.php Pipes, Daniel.
These are the issues which need to be looked at in order to end the conflict as it has had adverse effects even on other nations around the world. The dispute as to which nation should claim ownership of the city of Jerusalem has been one of the major issues causing the conflict. The Israelis view Jerusalem as part of their historic homeland. It is somewhat a religious city to them owing to the Abraham religions- Judaism, Christianity and Islam (Sela 2002). However Palestinians already claim parts of the city which were not under Israeli jurisdiction.
Though he chooses to avoid the issue, Huntington’s theory provides a groundwork for analyzing the conflict in Israel in terms of a clash of civilizations between Judaism and Islam. This is a dangerous and provocative idea. But if we dare examine its implications and explore its insights, we risk a more complete understanding of the conflict which has plagued relations between Palestinians and Israelis in particular, Muslim countries and Israel in general, for over fifty years. Let us begin with a discussion about Judaism’s status as a civilization. This is a highly contentious claim which Huntington himself questions: With the creation of Israel, Jews have all the objective accoutrements of a civilization: religion, language, customs, literature, institutions, and a territorial and political home.
W. (eds) From Haven To Conquest : readings in Zionism and the Palestine problem until 1948 (Beirut : Institute for Palestine Studies, 1971)  Begin, Revolt, p. 59.  Counterpunch, ‘The crimes of Ariel Sharon’, Counterpunch, February 7, 2001 accessed March 15 from http://www.counterpunch.org/sharon.html