Apush Chapter 4 Summary

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Chapter 4: Growth, Diversity, and Conflict New England’s Freehold Society Farm Families: Women in the Household Economy Women were subordinate to men (in all the colonies); expected to be silent around company and guests often did work around the house often had 6-7 children by their 40s (expected to give birth and raise many children at this times) Farm Property: Inheritance many New England immigrants sought to own land children of wealthy families received land when they married once married, women lost all property rights to her husband (did not matter how rich or how poor they were Free Society in Crisis as population grew, less land was available for children (this led to some people wanting t expand out west) farmers grew maize -…show more content…
conflict in the Quaker colonies - William Penn encouraged Quakers and Protestants to move to Pennsylvania - mainly advertised to Germans and other Europeans many immigrants became squatters - illegally settling on land eventually, the Penn family claimed Indian land near Philadelphia at first he paid them for the land, but he eventually just takes it - this leads to mistrusts and conflicts many earned a living as farmers and storekeepers - especially the Germans and other Europeans Cultural Diversity many immigrants married within their own ethnic groups Pennsylvania was by far the most culturally diverse colony the German Influx - Germans left Germany due to conscription (military draft), religious freedom, and taxes many became farmers Scots-Irish Settlers - Irish Test Act of 1704 - the reason why the Scots-Irish came to America only members of Church of England could vote in Ireland - Ireland was a big Catholic population so many were denied the right to vote many migrated to Philadelphia as they were lured by religious freedom (by William Penn in Pennsylvania) Religion and Politics by the 1740s, Quakers were a minority in Pennsylvania the Scots-Irish were hostile towards Indians (example shown later) Commerce, Culture, and…show more content…
The Enlightenment in America (late 1700s to early 1800s) The European Enlightenment - stressed human reasoning and natural rights - by John Locke John Locke - Two Treatises of Government - “life, liberty, and property” - consent of the governed (people are giving permission to the government to rule) Franklin’s Contributions founder of the Pennsylvania Gazette Franklin was a Deist (was was Jefferson and others) Deism - belief in God but did not interfere in the world positively or negatively God created the world and “stepped back” - let people make their own decisions and not get involved American Pietism and the Great Awakening Great Awakening: religious revival heavily based on emotion New England Revivalism - Johnathan Edwards - was a preacher - known for his sermons like: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (God’s really mad and you’ll burn in hell forever) drew inspiration from religious movements in Europe Whitefield’s Great Awakening - George Whitefield - great orator traveled around the country and gave amazing speeches him and Johnathan Edwards (and many others) became “New Lights” new preachers that focused on emotionalism Religious Upheaval in the North “New Lights” - those that embraced the Great Awakening and
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