Approach To International Relations: An Introduction To International Relations

1322 Words6 Pages
Introduction to International Relations The concept of international relations (IR), have double meaning between people and the science of the study. It allows you to deepen the knowledge of the phenomena and the changes taking place globally. Common knowledge is distinguished by IR as a scientific discipline, founded in 1920 by nationalist David Davies. (Worth 2014) The first meaning of international relations emerged in history when firstly organized states remained together in conflicts. Second meaning, as a discipline, is based on what is visible and what is not but is not constructed in hierarchical system of governance (Worth 2014). The definition of the international system by the realists and neorealist is that all components are…show more content…
It is more an informative approach to international relations theory, these however presupposes IR socially constructed. (Karacasulu, N., Uzgören, E. 2007) Emerged and structured in the 80s of the twentieth century, during the two debates between neo-liberals and neo-realists, and the second between rationalists and critical theorists. (Bruchill et al 2009) Constructivists avoid examining international relations through the prismatic structures of the system. According to them, structure and layout of political organ hierarchy, is not the real argument for actors' behavior. This model consist of thoughts and ideas, not the conditions and material forces. After the Cold War realism’s approach to the security was challenged. These assumptions argue that, the world is shaped socially, thank to unlimited feelings and interactions of all structures, and factors are automatically determined; as evenly factors such as the ideas, norms and views are fundamental for politics to function. What distinguishes constructivism and realism is the approach to safety. For realists security is the key and that it is developed by political elites and due to Wendt, it is self-interest actions. Constructivists do not reject completely the concept of security they have only other ideas of how it is built. They reject universal approaches and analytical/abstracted theories of security. Constructivists for it, focus also more on competition between states and…show more content…
National interests and politics are the results of social identity which is formed by each individual. In book called World of Our Making, Onuf writes about Giddens “theory of structuration” where he is refusing existing theories and instead he believes in the domain of the relations of positions; a two-way bridge between human agent and social object. If the above safety relationship of negotiator (agent) and dispute (social object) position is presented in the worlds dimension, than constructivist thought is clear in relationship between agents, structures and other perspectives. Looking at a concept of structuration presented by Giddens, Wend suggests that the agents (countries) might shape systems (in this case international anarchism) by the way they behave and act. Agents strive to endure anarchism because it threatens the international system. As previously described, the mutual interactions of agents with social structures establish policies, this leads to the constructivists believe that any change is possible on a way to create institutions. Alexander Wendt, on the nature of constructivism: anarchy is this what the state will
Open Document