An imbalance in caloric metabolism is to blame for obesity; however, this imbalance can be due to an assortment of factors (Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014), not just overeating and a lack of exercise. Because of the prevalence of obesity and its effects on our youth, it is expert opinion that addressing this issue of childhood obesity is more necessary today than ever before. Before it can be addressed, though, biological and environmental factors need to be recognized (Gundersen, Mahatmya, Garasky, Lohman, 2014). Gundersen et al. (2014) explored the idea that there are psychosocial stressors in children’s lives that play a role in obesity.
Fifty years ago, childhood obesity was not an issue in our country. The biggest health worries then were measles, mumps, and rubella; these days the issue in our society is childhood obesity and the heartache it causes. The subject of childhood obesity will be presented in this research paper. This examination will reveal the influences that play into childhood obesity for example socioeconomic circumstances, family, schools and the government particularly within the Appalachian area, and the paper will reveal that the effects of childhood obesity can be negative even through later life in search of educational and professional pursuits. It is almost impossible to lay the blame on one factor that is wholly linked to obesity.
The topic chosen is how parents’ socialization techniques and behaviors are contributing to childhood obesity. Based on a review of the literature, one thing learned was that the incidence of obesity from 1980 to 1999 has doubled in the United States (Ogden, Carroll & Flegal, 2002 cited in O’Dea & Eriksen, 2010, pp. 84-85). Childhood obesity is a major concern because these children grow up to become obese adults. According to Serdula et al., 1993 (as cited by Friedman, Bowden, & Jones, 2003) childhood obesity leads to a lot of adult health problems.
However, doctors should always be mindful of the possible role of abuse or neglect in contributing to obesity. The result of some research that was done on the symptoms of neglect shows a clear correlation between childhood abuse and obesity in childhood. A study of American school children has found that after controlling for socioeconomic status, those who were physically abused were more likely to be obese (Callaghan, 201... ... middle of paper ... ...nment Intervention for a Childhood Epidemic." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 29 Nov. 2011.
Parents are a key factor in a children’s influence or decision on everyday food choices. Sources say that, “Maternal pregnancy obesity influences early childhood obesity, which is perpetuates as the child ages “(Crothers, Laura M, Kehle,Bray,Theodore 787).Predicting childhood obesity at such a young age seems unrealistic. Furthermore, not only can childhood obesity become a factor while the mother is pregnant, but it can also have the same domino effect as the child continues to grow. While a chil... ... middle of paper ... ...Childhood Obesity." The Washington Times 17 Dec. 2010, B01 sec.
Children can experience numerous complications in relation to their obesity, and it is important to understand these long-term effects on their body. Childhood obesity has been shown to persist into adulthood, causing an increase in morbidity and early mortality for those affected. Illnesses that were historically unheard of in pediatrics are occurring more frequently. Metabolic syndrome was once a predictor of adult cardiovascular disease and diabetes, but has recently been used for pediatrics. Pediatric patients with the diagnosis of metabolic disorder tend to be obese, sedentary, and show signs of insulin resistance and hypertension.
The epidemic of childhood obesity has caught the attention of First Lady Michelle Obama and this is an indicator of how serious this problem is. As healthcare professionals it is incumbent to diagnose the overall problem and devise innovation policies and solutions to initiate effective damage control and preventative strategies. The development of structured and proven techniques is necessary to fight childhood obesity. The seriousness of this cannot be overstated, since addressing the problem effectively will help to determine the future health of this nation. The long term implications of not successfully treating overweight children will compromise their quality of life, cause low self esteem, and increase overall healthcare costs.
Obesity in children is a contributing factor of hypertension, high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies have shown that 70% of obese children have one and 39% have two risk factors of CVD (CDC, 2012). With the prevalence of childhood obesity in American children, long term and short term health effects can be drastically influenced by the popularity of fast food, amount of physical activity and parental influence. Children can be conditioned to lead an unhealthy life. The increased availability of fast food has changed, so should our eating habits.
Planned family meals with better food selections helps to avoid junk and fast foods. Sometimes genetic factors may play a part in obesity. However, a genetic predisposition can encourage the family unit to a more active role to fight childhood obesity. Childhood obesity is on the rise among American children. Children become obese because of various genetic, behavioral and environmental factors.
Several internal and external factors contribute to childhood obesity; however, many people believe that parents are primarily to blame for obese children and adolescents. On the other hand, medical professionals and sociologists have studied the consistent decline in physical activity and external societal influences that help to contribute to childhood obesity. Childhood obesity is comprised of several internal components. It is commonly believed that obesity is caused by a gene produced during the perinatal stage of human development that increases the likelihood of weight gain in children. The perinatal phase of development occurs, “from the twentieth week of gestation to the twenty-eighth day of newborn life” ("Perinatal,").