Applied Research

1497 Words6 Pages
Applied Research Experimental and descriptive research designs, statistics, and inferences in psychological settings and methods differ in many ways yet have similar qualities. All psychological research follows ethical codes and regulations. Each type of experiment discussed contains similarities and differences. The importance of each research method for individuals and societies varies according to the need addressed in creating the project. Beneficial interventions and treatments are developed from the cause and effect of many research projects. Validity concerns become a vital part of each research project. The use of descriptive and inferential statistics for maintaining accuracy controls usually involves the use of an analysis of variance (ANOVA) in comparison of research studies according to Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, and Zechmeister (2009). The ANOVA clarifies if the independent variable has shown an effect on the dependent variable through inferential statistics testing. The data and information in qualitative and quantitative psychological research can be analyzed and measured using the ANOVA. A discussion of descriptive and inferential statistics, single-case study design, small-N study design, true experiment design, and quasi-experimental design follows in this paper. Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Research data is described in both descriptive and statistical format when used for inferences of accuracy in research projects. Descriptive statistics gives a graphical or numerical portrait of the research data for analyzing. Inferential statistics gives an indication of judgment or general perception of the result that is inferred by the research comparison. Inferential statistic methods use both des... ... middle of paper ... ...design for research and in some instances it has advantages over other methods. It all depends on the project in research. Conclusion In conclusion, all research methods and data analysis are extremely important steps in assuring quality in research findings. The treatments and interventions evolving from research could not have validity and reliability without all the experimental methods. The steps in preparing for research and analyzing the data play just as important a role as the research itself. Similarities and differences are found among all the research design methods. Ethics in research provides valid and reliable results for individuals and societies. References Shaughnessy, J. J., Zechmeister, E. B., & Zechmeister, J. S. (2009). Research methods in psychology (8th ed.) New York: McGraw Hill, Chapters 10-13, p.p. 306-456
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