Application of IHL in Darfur

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The contemporary era has made conflict an international priority, a world phenomenon, and a global concern for the welfare of all states. Ostensibly, war has existed for quite some time, and the current global hegemony has not conclusively provoked further conflict, but rather, developed mechanisms to protect those affected by the circumstances of an armed conflict. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) was devised by the Geneva Conventions, a paramount composition of accords that followed the Second World War in a historical juncture that would persuade political powers of the world that it was necessary to establish a customary structure to the time of war. Predominantly, the conditions of the non-militants, or civilians, as well as the conditions of the militants involved in the war. IHL would essentially establish normative humanitarian standards among enemies concurrent with an armed conflict.1 The Geneva Conventions, alongside the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), and the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, delineate IHL, and in some context, International Human Rights Law (IHRL). This analysis will concentrate itself primordially on the Genova Contentions. Likewise, there are four conventions, and three additional protocols, being; the First Geneva Convention, for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field (1949), the Second Geneva Convention, for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea (1949), the Third Geneva Convention, relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (1949), the Fourth Geneva Convention, relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (1949), Protocol I additional to the Geneva C... ... middle of paper ... ...htm The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, UDHR, Declaration of Human Rights, Human Rights Declaration, Human Rights Charter, The UN and Human Rights. (1948, December 10). UN News Center. Retrieved December 11, 2013, from http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml#atop Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan. (2006, August 31). United Nations Security Council Resolution, Resolution 1706, 1-6. Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan. (2007, July 31). United Nations Security Council Resolution, Resolution 1769, 1-6. Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan. (2013, July 30). United Nations Security Council Resolution, Resolution 2113, 1-10. UNAMID Facts and Figures - African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur. (2013). UN News Center. Retrieved December 7, 2013, from http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/unamid/facts.shtml

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