Trial Of Socrates Reflection Socrates was a Greek philosopher who is considered the founder of western philosophy. He is so well known because of his method of questioning everything. He was a rather grotesque looking man but had all the youths of the society followed him, and hung on his every word. “Socrates always emphasized the importance of the mind over the relative unimportance of the human body” (Timmons 1). He was hated by the elders of Athens for this.
In conclusion, I believe that it is blaspheme that Socrates is accused of corrupting Athenian’s children’s mind. He should not have received the death penalty, but I do understand it was by preference. I think that Socrates let his opinions get in the way of clear judgment when Crito tried to help him escape. However, I do realize why Socrates did not want to escape. Socrates made valid points by declaring that he does not believe in vengeances, disbeliefs in public opinions, and the personification of the Athenian government being seen as a father figure; as well as, not wanting to exile from his homeland.
Socrates is accused of preposterous charges of corrupting the youth and being an atheist. Most Athenians at the time would have asked for mercy and showed a large amount of respect, even if the charges were false. In Socrates’ case, he stands up for himself instead of begging, and he knows that he is doing the opposite of the social norm because he states that the listeners should, “Never mind the manner, which may or may not be good, but think only of the truth of my words and give heed to that. Let the speaker speak truly and the judge decide justly”(Apology 2). After he is wrongly convicted to death, he still accepts the terms of his punishment.
By confronting the accusation that he was corrupting the minors, Socrates tried to clear himself by manipulating his arguments so that Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon (the men who brought both charges against Socrates) had to answer questions about these charges. When the questions of Socrates were placed before Meletus, his answers seemed to have proven that Socrates was innocent. However, when the verdict was announced, it demonstrated the opposite. Upon hearing the verdict, GUILTY, it was plain to see that the Greek assembly was like every other political assembly, corrupt. "I should never have believed that it would be such a close thing; but now
These people were not satisfied with having someone prove them wrong and they needed to be right about everything. Socrates belief system proved to be working since he was drawing so many enemies along the way. He states, “ I found that the men in repute were all but the most foolish; and that others less esteemed were really wiser and better” (Plato 64). For Socrates to have made that conclusion he spoke with all kinds of people; the poor, rich, smart, uneducated and so on. The smart people in his eyes were not very smart, just very foolish; whereas the humble people who worked every day of their lives and understood the value of a dollar were the wisest to him.
The just speech warns Pheidippides that “he will persuade you to believe everything shameful is noble and the noble is shameful” (Aristophanes, 1020-1021). Aristophanes’ claim is that the challenges Socrates makes against the law are not good for the city or society as a whole. Though he might agree that some of the laws of Athens are not just, Aristophanes sees them as necessary to keeping the peace. To him, the philosopher is the one who stirs up rebellion or fights against order. The
He truly believed he was meant to live a philosophical li... ... middle of paper ... ...t of Socrates charges were due to Meletus accusing Socrates of his various crimes. A second reason to support the issue of Socrates corrupting the minds of young men was the influence of Meletus and his hand in the trail. Socrates had a sour view of Meletus; he was ignorant, arrogant, and unrestrained thus impious. Likewise Socrates wanted believed Meletus destroyed any possibility of genuine education with sophist relativism. Socrates even says before the judges,” They know very well Meletus is lying, and claims speaking the truth”(pg.
He was a great philosophizer and he knew how important he was to the city. The city did not share Socrates own view of himself as the most important teacher. They believed his philosophies were evil and they were willing to put him to death for his ideas. In Socrates’ first defense, he uses the story of the Delphic oracle. According to Socrates, the oracle once declared that no one was wiser than Socrates.
He systematically interrogated the politicians, poets and craftsman. Towards the end of all the interrogation, Socrates tells the jury that he would rather be himself than anyone else. Towards the end, Socrates realized the Oracle was correct; while so-called wise men thought themselves wise and yet were not, he himself knew he was not wise at all, which paradoxically, made him the wiser one since he was the only person aware of his own ignorance. Socrates’ paradoxical wisdom made the prominent Athenians he publicly questioned look foolish, turning them against him and leading to accusations of
Phiedippides has learned the principal of “knower o non-knower, nothing”, a danger to society that philosophy presents. This is a dangerous charge against Socrates, meaning that he teaches that “knower” owe the “non-knower” (or the less educated) nothing (Whidden). Phiedippides believed himself to be the intellectual superior over his parents and so has the power to beat them. Perhaps the youth in Athens were not taking intellectual superiority to this extreme, but there is evidence that Socrates has influenced the youth in other ways. After Socrates has spoken to the public, sophists arose.