History of Delphi ?Zeus according to the Greek legend once wished to determine the exact centre of the earth.? So he released two eagles from opposite ends of the world.? Flying towards each other they met precisely over Delphi.?? So, according to this legend and historians, Delphi was known as the center of the world to the Ancient Greeks, starting in the 6th century BCE.? ?
Athena had such an impact on the Greeks that the Romans adopted her and called her Minerva (Classical). The origins of Athena’s name are not the only discrepancy that historians have had. The origin of where Athena came form is also a discrepancy. Zeus feared that he would be overcome by a son greater than he born from the intelligent Metis. To prevent this Zeus ate Metis.
The gods of the ancient Greeks had a complicated genealogy with many generations of gods and goddesses. The tales of these gods were woven into an immense variety of fables. The fables of the Greek gods were handed down through word of mouth, from one generation to another, long before written logs were used (History). The fables that were passed down show that the Greeks used the tales to give answers to the questions, such as where do we come from? How did we get here?
The Temple of Athena Nike exemplifies the early Greek belief that the gods, specifically Athena, held divine providence over government and victory in war. It was built as part of the same project as the Parthenon, one of the greatest achievements of Mycenaean Greece. Lasting from 1300-1000 B.C.E, Mycenaean Greece bordered Epirus, Macedonia, Phrace, Phryapa, Mysia, Caria, and Lydia. Encompassing this time span, Ancient Greece lasted from 8000 to 50 B.C.E. The achievements of Athens in this time include the Pythagorean Theorem and the Socratic dialogues.
These prophets were believed to be inspired by the gods and were found primarily in the famous oracle centers, particularly those of Apollo, the Greek god of prophesy. Sibyls were believed to live 900 to 1,000 years. According to the legends, some could interpret dreams and others could make their voices heard after death. Early Greek writers only mentioned only one sibyl, Erythraean Herophile, who predicted the Trojan war. Later on the number of sibyls were increased to ten, including the Samian, the Trojan, the Phrygian, the Cimmerian, the Delphian, the Cumaean, the Libyan, the Tiburtine, and the Babylonian.
The first stop on our tour is one of the oldest cities in the world is Athens, Greece. Athens is often referred to as the "cradle of civilization" because it was the birthplace of democracy, political science, literature, and theater, to name a few. Athens was known as the land of Gods. According to ancient Greek legend, this very city was the battleground where Athena fought with Poseidon. Athena won the battle, and the city was named after her.
Zeus held a statue of Nike, the Greek Goddess of victory in his left hand and a staff of an eagle preached atop of his left hand (Curlee). The statue of Zeus was located in Peloponnesus, which is modern Greece today at a location near Ancient Olympia, were the sanctuary of Zeus also known as Altis or sacred grove where the people could go to worship the Gods in ancient times. It was constructed in about 450 B.C., and finished in time for the first Olympic games, which were held in 776 B.C. The statue of Zeus was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient times because of its great size and because of its materials, ivory and gold-plated bron... ... middle of paper ... ..., the interior of the temple featured sculptures of amazon warriors, also several paintings on the walls, columns of gold, silver and the statues were life size and stood on a marble pedestal. I am amazed by how much detail went into this temple and last but not least the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus wasn’t really one of my favorites seeing how in those times they married their own family members, but the Mausoleum was created in the memory of Artemisia husband or brother Mausolus.
The last year of the Trojan War is depicted in Homer’s epic, The Iliad. Homer constructs a legend of honor, love, sacrifice, and the Olympian gods. The Iliad is believed to be principally created by the renowned Greek writer, Homer around the year 750 B.C. One of the purposes of the epic is to keep the stories of the Trojan War and Ancient Greece alive. It is also a tale that entertains, and teaches those from all periods of history of honor, courage, sacrifice, and love.
Greek architectural practice and plan has the aptitude to connect different cultures together over time and space. Greek architecture refers to the architecture of Greek speaking people who occupied the Greek landmass. Greek architecture springs from c. 900 B.C.E to the first century C.E. Greek architecture inclined Roman Imperial architecture supports and joins many Greek fundamentals into its own practice. The Altar of Zeus, Pergamon was created in the early third century BCE after the disintegration of Alexander’s empire.