Aphasia- Speech Disorders

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√ This week we went over speech disorders. Aphasia falls under the speech disorders category. There are two types of aphasia: Broca’s and Wernicke’s (Heilman, 2002, p. 11).
√ There are many language symptoms of Broca’s aphasia. The difference between naming objects and using grammatical terms is a trademark of Broca’s apahsia. Mr. Ford was a patient that experienced this type of aphasia. This type of aphasia includes patterns of speech that mostly are made up of content words. Also people with this aphasia convey nouns in their singular form and their verbs in their most uncomplicated form. Another issue that those with Broca’s aphasia have is a hard time beginning an utterance. Speech that is more intellectual also isn’t very common (DiNapoli, 2012, p. 48).
When talking about Wernicke’s aphasia there are also many language symptoms. Those suffering from Wernicke’s aphasia have no problem with speech, but their speech isn’t fluent and doesn’t make sense (DiNapoli, 2012, p.52). Mr. Gorgan experienced psychotic speech (DiNapoli, 2012, p. 53). If the lesion that caused this aphasia wasn’t entirely eliminated, output might slowly improve. On the other hand, if this lesion has been eliminated, the patient will more than likely not be able to talk like they once did ever again, no matter how much therapy they receive or treatment (DiNapoli, 2012, p. 54). When Grogan was told to identify objects around him, he was only successful with those most familiar to him (DiNapoli, 2012, p. 55).

When referring to Broca’s aphasia, patients are usually right-handed, and typically have a frail right arm. In studying his patients, he proved that the left hemisphere is influential for reconciling language in people who are right-handed (Heilman, 20...

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...2 Language. In Matter of mind: A neurologist's view of brain-behavior relationships (p. 12). Oxford: Oxford University Press

Heilman, K. M. (2002). Chapter 2 Language. In Matter of mind: A neurologist's view of brain-behavior relationships (p. 15). Oxford: Oxford University Press

Heilman, K. M. (2002). Chapter 2 Language. In Matter of mind: A neurologist's view of brain-behavior relationships (p. 14). Oxford: Oxford University Press

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (2005). Genes to Cognition Online: Broca's Area. Retrieved May 23, 2014, from http://www.g2conline.org/2022

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (2005). Genes to Cognition Online: Wernicke’s Area. Retrieved May 23, 2014, from http://www.g2conline.org/2022

Heilman, K. M. (2002). Chapter 2 Language. In Matter of mind: A neurologist's view of brain-behavior relationships (p. 17). Oxford: Oxford University Press
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