During the early 16th century the networks between Asia and Europe were based on trade. In fact that was the only reason for the networks between people during this time. It was based on interest. For instance, if the Europeans found something that they liked they would look at other countries to fulfill that desire. This need was fulfilled in Asia. Two countries specifically gave the Portuguese an advantage in trading. These two countries were Japan and China. The Chinese had lots of silk available and the Japanese had silver. The Portuguese wanted silver but the Japanese wanted silk. In order to fulfill this need the Portuguese bought silk from the Chinese and then they sold it to the Japanese for silver. This not only allowed the Portuguese to get the silver, which was in high demand, but they were also able make a profit from the trade. This mentioned when “The Japanese much preferred Chinese silk, weather raw or woven, to their own, as it was of superior quality (C.R. Boxer, 63).”
... used silver from the Americas to buy silks in China. They shipped goods (everything from slaves, silver and gold, to horses, birds, and foods) from one region of the world to another, building a plethora of trade markets. (McKay et al., 2009) As other countries began to catch up to Portugal, as well as becoming more successful in the all important colonization of the colonies, trade, importation, and exportation became a major factor in international politics.
(Bianchini, Lecture). There became extensive amounts of landless sons because of this demographic takeoff, and they eventually turn to piracy in order to make a profit. However, while Scandinavian men turned outwards for financial gain, also in the 8th century Western Europe’s economy began to improve. This positive economic turn was due to the influx of Arabic silver into the European economy. (Bianchini, Lecture). The influx of silver was mainly cause of the European slave trade that was happening across the Mediterranean and North Africa. The decrease of people and increase of silver became a major stimulant for the Western European economy (Bianchini, Lecture). Eventually, Western Europe’s progressing economy caught the Vikings’ attention. By realizing the wealth growing in Western Europe and that is was readily accessible, this was enticing for the Vikings to see and wanted it for
From the mid 16th century to the early 18th century, conquest into the Americas and the discovery of silver there brought along internal peasant and Native American class exploitation which hurt their economic standings and lowered their social standings; also, China and Spain, countries which originally profited from the silver trading networks slowly got negatively affected by the global flow of silver. However, the Europeans grasped this moment to slowly rise above the others and show their clear European advantage.
The Columbian Exchange was a widespread exchange of animals, plants, human populations, diseases, technology and ideas between American and European civilizations. Politically, Europeans took over the American native's government making it more centralized while the countries in Europe were getting competitive for land because they wanted the economic resources and advantages. Europeans set up a system of mercantilism, core-dependent systems, and imported silver and gold from the Americas, leading to inflation. In the Americas, slavery and an encomienda system was put in place using natives and African Americans. Culturally, Spain and Portugal imposed their religion on the natives, provided by the Catholic Church, new racial and social classes came about in the Americas, and disease killed off many of the natives. In Europe, the importation of new foods led to population increase and overall better health. The Americas did not benefit from the Columbian Exchange whereas the European countries did but was not always good.
The discovery and subsequent settlement of America ushered Europe into a world economic system. New commodities, many of them imported from recently discovered lands, enriched material life. Merchants, entrepreneurs, and bankers accumulated and manipulated capital in unprecedented volume. This drive for capital did not just stay with the settlers but spread throughout the Americas at a rate that could only be surpassed by smallpox. "During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, everyone in eastern North America- masters and slaves, farmers near the coast and Indians near the mountains- became producers of raw material for foreign markets and found themselves caught up in an international economic network" (Merrell 550).
Labor shortage and certainly did make room for immigrant newcomers. Combinations of indigenous, European and African people created a new society in the Americas. Europeans and Africans brought not only germs and their people but also their plants and animals. They also changed the environment. Even more innovative were their animals: horses, pigs, cattle, goat, and sheep. New domesticated animals made possible the ranching economy and cowboy cultures, hunting bison by horseback. American food crops spread widely in the Eastern Hemisphere. The American crops later provided cheap and reasonably nutritious food for millions of industrial workers. Exchange with the Americas reshaped the world economy because of the silver mines of Mexico and Peru and the millions of African slaves to the Americas. The plantation owners of the tropical lowland regions needed workers and found them by millions in Africa. The slave trade which bought these workers to the colonies, and the sugar, and cotton trade, which spread the fruits of their labor abroad, created a lasting link among Africa. The Columbian was enormous network of communication, migration, trade, disease, and the transfer of plants and animals, all made by European colonial empires in the
At the beginning of the 17th century imperialization was all the rage for European countries. Europe, who started industrialization, was the most advanced continent on earth. With the production of more and more products, resources were needed. EXpeditions of other continents lead to the findings of many resources that would prove to be very useful to the Europeans. These other continents didn’t take too kindly to the idea of Europeans taking their stuff, but Aa the time Europe the most advanced weaponry in the world and they were not afraid to use it.