Before we start to discuss the Colosseum’s achievements, we first have to understand the historical context and background of the building. Construction of the building started in 72 AD, and was commissioned by the Emperor Vespasian who was the founder of the Flavian Dynasty. Unfortunately, Vespasian would not be able to see his complete vision of a glorious stadium. He died of natural causes only one year prior to the completion of construction in 80 AD (Pepe A, 2012). Vespasians son and successor Titus, would be the first emperor to rule after the Colosseum’s completion. He inaugurated the stadium by holding a massive celebration that lasted 100 days. The inaugural games were a time to celebrate the Colosseum’s completion by holding gladiatorial games everyday. By the end of the inaugural games Rome had bared witness to the slaughtering of 9000 exotic animals as well as the deaths of up to 2000 gladiators (Pepe A, 2012).
When comparing Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, anyone can see that there are many differences including geography, art and architecture, and religion. There was also a big difference in the division of social classes of both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. In Greece, their society was divided into slaves, freedmen, citizens and women. On the other hand, Rome had slaves, freedmen, plebeians and patricians. While women were not considered to be citizens in ancient Greece, they were citizens in ancient Rome. All of these differences led to the many battles that were fought between the two countries, even though they also had many things in common.
The governments of ancient Greece and Rome had many similarities and differences, creating two unique cultures. There were several things that set them apart, and it changed the way each civilization grew and developed. For example, Greece’s social classes were divided into slaves, women and citizens, while Rome had slaves, plebeians and patricians. In ancient Rome, plebeians were the commoners in Rome, such as farmers, and patricians were aristocrats or noblemen. Furthermore, women were treated as citizens in Rome, but more like property in Greece (“Ancient Greece vs. Ancient Rome,” para. 5). In Athens, women were controlled by the men in their lives by having their father control them before marriage, and their husbands after. Another difference between the two countries was how their governments originally began. Greece was originally made up of several city-states, each being an independant nation. Rome, on the other hand, was originally a monarchy. Over time, it eventually became a Republic, in which power is held by the people and their elected representatives. The similarities between the government of Greece and Rome included their beliefs in several gods. Athens was known for worshiping the goddess Athena, their city-god. Rome worshiped several other gods as well, including Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. Another similarity was their fierce militaries. Greece was known for having lots of internal warfare, but they succeeded in preventing any military invasions, especially from Persia. Rome is known for having as the most powerful and successful military in the Western region. Their size, strength, and organization helped them to achieve many accomplishments in the expansion of their empire.
The true form of monasticism in the western Christian church was founded by Saint Benedict of Nursia. He wrote the famous "Benedict’s Rule" between 520-530. The fundamentals of the rule was that each day was divided into a series of activities with an emphasis on prayer and manual labor. The monks would all gather together seven times each day for prayer. These were all male institutions, however, Benedict’s sister, Scholastica founded monasteries for women. Many of the texts we have today are with us because of monks. Beginning in the ninth century, the monks used scriptoria, or writing rooms, to copy different manuscripts. Between the sixth and tenth centuries, the monasteries experienced what one might call a moral decline. The purity and poverty which was the ideal for monks was being abandoned. Simony, the buying of clerical positions, was common, as was the practice of priests being married. In 910, Duke William of Aquataine wanted to do something to correct this problem. He founded the abbey of Cluny, which was an independent monastery. Cluny was kept independent from any kind of secular control. It sought to brin...
The Greek and Roman civilizations differed from each other in ways, but were more alike than many other cultures. Persia for example, was much different from Greece specifically. Persia was an agricultural based empire with strict capitals throughout, whereas, Greece
Judaism, the religion of the Jews, is one of the oldest religions in the world. Judaism in fact, is the oldest of the three major religions that believe in a single God. The other two, Christianity and Islam have been strongly influence by Judaism, which is a big part of western civilization today. In the beginning, Jews were a tribe, a band of nomads, more than likely shepherds that may have died out if they would have remained merely shepherds. Jews were one of many “nations” to be found in the ancient Near East.
Ancient Greece is renowned for it 's cultural developments that ultimately laid a foundation for modern Western tradition. Their profound innovations in art and architecture has greatly influenced the development of the world and will continue to echo through time. There is no better reflection of their architectural ambition and genius than the Parthenon. "The Parthenon, constructed between 447 and 432 BCE on the Athenian Acropolis, stands as the most lavish, technically refined, and programmatically cohesive temple on the Greek mainland, a fitting commemoration of the Athenians ' spectacular and unexpected victories in the Persian Wars." This colossal structure was not only built in honor of the goddess Athena, believed to have aided Greece
Athens created the Athenian Democracy in the Greek city-state comprising the central city-state of Athens and surrounding the Attica. They were the first to rule as a democracy. In the Athenian direct democracy, the people whose age was 20 were allowed to go to assemblies and they also can vote on legislation and executive bill in their own right, whereas Roman Republic created the form of government which is a republic. This was balanced constitution which was not written in the documents and consisted in three elements, democracy, monarchy, oligarchy. Citizens of Roman elect representatives to rule on their behalf. Every citizen is expected to play an active role in commanding the state in Roman Republic. Based on this some may say what was similarities between Athenian Democracy and Roman Republic in political and social structures?
Judaism, on the other hand, is different from the tradition of Hebrews because Judaism is an interpretation of the Hebrew religion. Judaism concentrates more on the Messiah meaning the “anointed one” which in this case is Christos. Messiah according to Judaism had to be king, a priest, and a prophet, just like Christians believed that Jesus of Nazareth was. Unlike Hebrew whose revelation was what the prophets would claim, in Ju...
Judaism, which originated in the middle east, is one of the oldest religions in the world. Judaism is the religion from where Catholicism and Islam have their roots. The main difference between Judaism and the previously mentioned religions is that Judaism is based on the old testament entirely excluding the new testaments in its teachings. Jews believe that they are the people chosen by God and that because of the covenant they have the duty, more than any other group of people, to keep the law of God. The law of God in Judaism comes in the form of the Torah. The books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, which are said to have been written by Moses, form the Torah.