In twelve years of slave Northup, or as sometimes referred to Platt, never talked back and fought for his freedom because, Northup knew it would cost him his life. Northup figured by doing what was told of him he would hopefully see his family one-day and would be free again. Northup had two “masters” during the time of his slavery both of his “masters” were complete opposites. Northup knew that talking saying he was a freeman would cost him his life, “with the paddle, Burch commenced beating me. Blow after blow was inflicted on my naked body. When his unrelenting arm grew tired, he stopped and asked if I was still insisted I was free man. I did insist upon it, and then the blows were renewed, faster and more energetically, if possible, than …show more content…
Ford (Master). But ever since that first accident with Chapin he must go to a different owner. When Northup has done everything that Master Ford has asked of him. Northup does not want to go to a different slave owner. The slave owner that Northup would have to go to would be Edward Epps. Edward Epps is the exact opposite of Mr. Ford. Epps is a cruel master, constantly whipping his slaves. Northup already does not like Edward Epps the way he treats him and other niggers. Northup picks for the cotton. Northup was not able to pick as much cotton as the others and that made Edward Epps curious as to if Northup was really a slave or not. Northup deals with Edward Eps like he deals with his wife. Mr. Epps’ wife asked Northup if he could read and write because he was different from the other niggers. Of course, Northup does not say he does because, he will be abused. Mrs. Epps has Northup do an errand for her to the market he had a chance to run but Northup did not run away from the plantation. If Northup was trying to get back to his family then why didn’t he run? I think Northup did not run because he knew if any slave where to run away he or she would be hunted down. That is why Northup always does everything he is suppose to do the right way because his ultimate goal is to get back to his family, after his time spent as a
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Slavery was a main contributor in the South in the 1800s. African Americans were enslaved in large plantations growing cotton, instead of tobacco. Slavery was the same old story it was in the 1600s, barely anything had changed. Slavery was the dominating reality of southern life in the antebellum period due to economical, social, and political reasons.
I believe that the Fugitive Slave Law could be related to Northup being kidnapped. I think this because the slave trader Burch, told Northup to get his “free papers” so he would be able to show he was a free slave once they entered the slave states. I think Burch did so he could get Northup’s trust. Once drugged Bruch used the Fugitive Slave Law to say, that Northup was a run away slave and was taking him back to his master. Burch also beat Northup until he stopped talking about being a free man and from New York because selling a free man was a federal offense.
Born into freedom, Solomon Northup was kidnapped into slavery at the age of 30. With the promise of money and adventure, he was sent to Washington D.C, unknown of what’s about to come. Soon Northup was soon drugged, beaten, and sold into slavery within view of the capital. During 1800’s, about one million African Americans were transported to the Deep South in the domestic slave trade.
There were some ups and downs to Solomon’s bondage. Northup met many friends along the years, including Eliza and Patsey. Eliza had been with Solomon since nearly the beginning of his trip, and they shared somewhat similar stories. Unfortunately, Eliza passed away due to grief over her children at Ford’s plantation. William Ford had the kindest heart of any of Solomon’s owners, however, due to the dangers of Mr. John Tibeats, Solomon was sold to Master Edwin Epps. At Epps’ plantation, Solomon met Patsey, “queen of the fields.” Epps was a mean spirited man, however there was some happiness to his plantation: it was the last one Solomon would work at in his twelve years of slavery. Mr. Bass, a Canadian carpenter, helped Solomon out of bondage by writing to Northup’s family in the North. After twelve years of hard labor, scarce food, sleepless nights, and fierce punishments, Solomon Northup was once again a free man.
Most were highly brutal while only a handful had a relatively kinder disposition to their slaves. This variation is highlighted between three central characters in Northup’s Narrative. The first is Ford, who treats Solomon with relative respect. Even though Ford still participates in the institution of slavery, Northup deems him to be a good Christian man. Other masters in Northup’s experience include Tibeats, who harms Solomon to the point of near death. The difference between these two characters is distinct. Ford commends Northup on his ingenuity and ability to ship goods via the waterway. Tibeats, on the other hand, brutally harms Northup because he felt outsmarted when Northup built a shed in a resourceful manner. Finally, Northup is enslaved to Epps who shows sign of mental instability and anger. The later two antagonists in Solomon’s story show true anger while all three show the firm belief that owning slaves is right and justifiable. The opposite viewpoint on slavery is only seen with the Canadian named Bass and his abolitionist viewpoints. This spectrum of opinion is something that rounds out Northup’s memoir and helps to effectively capture slavery early to mid Nineteenth
Frederick Douglass spent his first 7 years of life on Captain Anthony’s farm, working in the house. Here, he had a much easier time than those who worked in the fields. Those who worked in the field were treated poorly like most southern slaves. Slaves received little to no food, few clothes, and often slept on the ground with no bed. Frederick spent his time working in the house, until he was given to Captain Anthony’s son in law’s brother, Hugh Auld. Douglass moved to Baltimore and lived a much freer life in the city. In Baltimore, he received some education from Sophia, Hugh’s wife, and received much better treatment than slaves in the south. This was because most slave owners did not want their peers to see them as vicious and cruel. Also, the north had a much different economy than the south. Slaves worked in factories or shops and could take on work outside of their holder’s trade. This made the north a much different place than the south with views on what freed or enslaved blacks could do.
From 1775 to 1830, developments like that of Eli Whitney’s cotton gin in 1793, the 1803 Louisiana Purchase by the U.S., and the rise of the textile industry in England led to a great expansion of slavery. Concurrently, abolitionist reform movement rose in the north as anti-slavery sentiment increased, with a growing fear of slaves unbalancing the political landscape in representation for the South. During this time, freed African Americans were often imperative in helping those who were enslaved face their challenges through their efforts, while some of the challenges faced by freed slaves was because of the ideas stemming from slavery. In facing their challenges, freed blacks adopted strategies such as leaving America, and arguing their case for rights, while slaves looked to rebellion and disobedience, with the help of freed blacks, in order to advance. Without slavery, freed black would not have faced many of the challenges that they did, and so too, without the aid of freed blacks, many slaves couldn't have overcome their obstacles to emancipation.
During the early 19th century America was going through a phase of rapid expansion, pushing towards the West. As pioneers traveled along, the need for faster transportation was a major concern. To a certain degree did these changes help bring the country together, beginning with an easier way for the transportation of goods and ideas. There were more jobs being created by factories, but at the same time, it created labor movements. A consequence of being able to transport goods faster was the demand for slaves increasing. The internal improvements during the 1820s brought a sense of nationalism, but in some ways it decreased the amount of nationalism.
In the mid nineteenth, slavery was the debate of the century. In determining the effects of slavery to the southern economy we can understand that there was a growing gap between the white working force and the aristocrats of the south. The poor workers of the Chesapeake were viewed so poorly in their class system that they were more related to their african american slave counterparts than those who had a higher status in their economy. These two cultures of white and non-white workers formed important identities that shaped their way of life in the south. The effects of race, gender, geography, and class all played a role in what was seen as different or similar to these two groups.
During the antebellum period, slavery was a hot topic. There were two main groups of people, the ones who were pro-slavery and those who were abolitionists. Most of the North were abolitionists and the South were pro-slavery. The basis of these views was that the people in the North were focused more on social improvement while the South focused on personal growth. The South argued that slavery should remain and that it was a “positive good” that was beneficial to society. They continued to justify the morality of it by referencing the bibles passages of slaveholding. Despite their justifications on the good of slavery, the Souths reasoning for owning slaves was built on racism. The Southern white population believed that the
Until December 6, 1865, slavery had not yet been abolished. People were in servitude to another, especially in the South. See, in the South people were set on this idea that slavery was necessary, they drove themselves to be fully depended on it, but, in, actuality this idea they were creating in their head was preposterous. There were many other options instead of using slavery, but people wanted the easy way. The South's cotton industries were a great part of what made the South, the South.
In the nineteenth century, America had a major issue taking place. That issue the bad and evil practice named slavery. Slavery was a major part of the South’s economy in the 1800’s. Slaves were imported from foreign countries in Africa to work for masters at plantations. Masters forced them for work with no pay, and maltreated them.
That being said, however, there were two different types of slave masters. The two forms were benign and demonic slavery. Benign slavery, while still being a form of slavery, was tolerable for slaves and in some instances even pleasant. Slaves were clothed, fed, and given basic rights. Under demonic slavery, however, slaves were subjected to being physically tortured and beaten. Eliza, under the rule of Master Shelby lived in benign slavery. Because they were kind slaveholders, Mrs. Shelby showed her distaste in her husband’s choice to sell Henry. It was demonic slaveholders that pressed for the passage of laws like the fugitive slave law in 1850. This law demanded the return of any runaway slaves. If a white person would claim a black person as a slave, that person would immediately be returned to the south as a slave even if they were a free man. This act also tore black families apart. Solomon Northup for example, was wrongly turned in as a slave and was kept away from his family for over 10 years. Eric Foner, a professor of history at Columbia University explained that it was disturbing to him “to remember that there were thousands of free born Americans who fled to Canada because their freedom could no longer be taken for granted in the United States” (PBS). It would have been easy for people like Senator Bird in Uncle Tom’s Cabin to pass a law such as the fugitive slave law because they most likely would never see
This was happening 2 years after the capture of Northup. In response to the weakening of the original fugitive slave act, the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 penalized officials who did not arrest an alleged runaway slave, and made them liable to a fine of $1,000. This is what pushed the officials to stop whoever seemed like a runaway slave. Another significant impact that had a connection with Northup’s narrative was the Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which was a book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe and published in March 20, 1852. 12 years a slave was one of the biggest examples used in Stowe’s narrative and it was also the key to that book. The purpose of the book was to describe how the author was against slavery and that the nation viewed slavery as something great and successful, but it actually wasn’t. This book had a great impact on the people which made them change their way of looking at slavery, the system that treated people like property, especially African Americans. Although this publication had a great impact on society, it was banned by the fire eaters, the people who supported the system of slavery. As a response to the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, there was a publication of Aunt Phillis’ Cabin. This book was written by Mary Henderson Eastman which was a plantation fiction
When Northup arrived at his new Master’s plantation, Master Epps, he received a cruel welcoming of what a slave really went through. When Northup arrived, he was introduced to Patsey, who was played by Lupita Nyong’o, who has been a slave her whole life. She was the “queen of the fields” and befriends Northup. In one scene, Patsey tells Master Epps that she had gone to Mistress Shaw’s house fore a bar a soap because Mistress Epps would not give her soap to bathe with. Due to the envy and jealousy that Mistress Epps had for Patsey, she ordered her husband to whip her; however, he did not want to. Therefore, he ordered Platt to whip Patsey. It is prevalent from the moment that he began to whip her that he was heartbroken to do so. Afterward, Master Epps had taken the whip from Platt and nearly whipped Patsey to death. Before being whipped, Patsey disclosed to Platt that she rather have him whip her then Master Epps because she knew he would not be as rough as Epps was. He had lost himself and his