(2011). Mechanisms underlying the influence of disruptive child behaviour on interparental communication. Journal of Family Psychology, 25(6), 873-884. Zentall, S. (2005). Contributors to the social goals and outcomes of students with ADHD with and without LD.
Special educators of students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) must exhibit a high level of patience in the classroom. Teacher behavior is a contributing factor to students' behavior whether positive or negative. As classroom managers, teachers are best suited to handle students with EBD when they have adequate educational training, a proper comprehension of the behavior disorders, and the characteristics of each for students with EBD. Teachers with lower educational levels have more severe observed behavioral problems for students in their classroom than those with higher educational levels (Stormont, Reinke, & Herman, 2011). The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate a thorough understanding of individual behavior disorders, including attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, emotional disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder.
The ... ... middle of paper ... ...on regulation in the context of frustration in children with high functioning autism and their typical peers. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 53(12), 1250-1258. Lopata, C. A. (2012). Feasibility and Initial Efficacy of a Comprehensive School-Based Intervention for High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Pharmacological management in children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorder. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 410-428. doi: 10.3109/00048670903493330 The Learning Tree, Inc. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.learning-tree.org
The use of these defense mechanisms short-term may serve as a protective barrier for the psyche and decrease the damaging effects of trauma. But long-term use will consequently lead to internal confusion and conflict (Hosier 1). Many children learn to use multiple defense mechanisms interchangeably to cope with complex trauma throughout their childhood. Moreover, Complex trauma is a leading factor in many health issues and diagnoses such as ADHD, ADD, Anxiety disorder, Borderline disorder, depression, bipolar, and PTSD. The list of possible diagnoses is endless, and finding proper treatment is a struggle.
Preliminary efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral treatment program for anxious youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(12), 1652–1662. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0801-9 Wilde, J. (2008). Rational-emotive behavioral interventions for children with anxiety problems.
233-243. Kim, H. J., Park, M. H., Park, S. & Yoo, H. J. (2013) Anxiety and depression symptoms in children with Asperger syndrome compared with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and depressive disorder. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22(4). 559-568.
Autistic children have trouble with understanding messages and interpretation of facial expressions, body language, tone of voice, and emotional expressions directed toward them. There is also a sense of fear that they have when there is a change of environment (Goldstein, Naglieri, Rzepa, & Williams, 2012). These children also show many developmental struggles like reciprocal socialization, interests, motor skills, cognitive skills, thinking, and activities. On top of all of those developmental difficulties as many as 70% of children with autism spectrum disorder show challenging behaviors, including aggression, disruptive behaviors, and cause injury to themselves. When a child with autism has disruptive behaviors is can lessen the response to educational intervention and then turn into further separation from children around their age, which increases the caregivers stress related to disruptions in daily activities (Lesack, Bearss, Celano, & Sharp, 2014).
“Posttraumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Family Violence: Overview and Issues.” Professional Psychology Research and Practice 38.6 (2007): 613 – 619. PsychINFO. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. Neal D. Ryan et al.
Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 9(84), 84-99. Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. J. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of the literature. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32, 797-810.