Anxiety Among Substance-abusing Youth

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Many researchers study the adverse outcomes following substance use in young adolescents with co-occurring mood and anxiety disorders, but what are the outcomes in older adolescents and young adults that are currently attending youth drug treatment services? In a study by Lubman, Allen, Rogers, Cementon, and Bonomo, conducted between 2004 and 2005, young people were interviewed about their drug use, psychopathology, risk-taking behaviors, and quality of life. The researchers attempted to find whether youth with depressive and anxiety disorders had higher levels of psychological dependence and display a greater level of poly drug use. Additionally, the researchers aimed to reveal whether youth with depressive and anxiety disorders would have more substance-related problems, health risk behaviors, and a poorer quality of life. The study had one hundred subjects whose age ranged from 16 to 22. The participants were chosen from two urban youth drug treatment services in Melbourne, Australia. Each participant was interviewed about their drug use, psychopathology, risk-taking behaviors, and quality of life. Additionally the participants were asked to complete self-report rating scales that included factors such as level of psychological distress, measure of harmful drinking, degree of psychological dependence on their drug of choice, frequency of substance use over the past month, and items measuring the participants’ quality of life. The researchers found that participants with major depressive disorder and participants with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) had greater mental health and substance use comorbidity than individuals that suffered from substance use problems alone. This paper will review the study by Lubman et ... ... middle of paper ... .... doi:10.1080/02791072.2011.605671 Smith, D., Galloway, G., & Seymour, R. (2011). Methamphetamine Abuse, Violence, and Appropriate Treatment. Valparaiso University Law Review, 31(2), 661-667. Stein, M. B., Walker, J. R., & Forde, D. R. (2000). Gender differences in susceptibility to posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38(6), 619-628. doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(99)00098-4 Swendsen, J. D., Tennen, H., Carney, M. A., Affleck, G., Willard, A., & Hromi, A. (2000). Mood and alcohol consumption: An experience sampling test of the self-medication hypothesis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(2), 198-204. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.109.2.198 Weiss, R. D., Griffin, M. L., & Mirin, S. M. (1992). Drug Abuse as Self-Medication for Depression: An Empirical Study. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 18(2), 121-129. Doi: 10.3109/00952999208992825
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