Anxiety disorders and personality disorders, two forms of abnormal behavior, can alter a person’s personality as a result of life experiences. Anxiety disorder is a type of abnormal behavior characterized by unrealistic, irrational fear. These types of disorders are diagnosed two as often in women as in men. Although these disorders can be very chronic and serious, they are easily treatable. Generalized anxiety disorder is when people experience fear and worry that is not focused on one specific aspect; nevertheless, they suffer greatly with headaches, dizziness, heart palpitations, and insomnia.
People with this disorder are among the most dramatic of the individuals and are characterized by a long-standing pattern of a disregard for other people’s rights, often crossing the line and violating those rights (Firestone et al., 2010).It is important to note that Antisocial Personality Disorder is often referred to as psychopathy or sociopathy in popular culture. However, neither psychopathy nor sociopathy are recognized professional labels used for diagnosis and ASPD and psychopathy are considered two are distinct disorders(Gurley, 2009). Since people diagnosed with ASPD can cause a great deal of harm to society there is a tremendous amount of interest in studying this group and because of this interest and many years of research we know a great deal more about ASPD than about any other personality disorder (Durand et al., 2008). Etiology Researchers today still don’t know what really causes Antisocial Personality Disorder. Although there are many theories about the possible causes and most professionals use a biopsychosocial model of causation.
The only instances that cause a debate on mental health is when an individual does something that is criminal or hard to comprehend. The media get experts to look in on the catastrophe, and explain why they did it. Mental Illness is a worldwide problem and is often considered a "Hidden epidemic" as it stretches to institutions like jail, schools, family, and the media. Most mentally ill people are afraid to seek treatment mostly due to the stigma, prejudice, and discrimination that are attached to the label. The Label that comes with being mentally ill often leads to depression.
Bipolar disorder, which is also called manic-depression, is a term used to define forms of irregular and intense mood swings that can make someone be depressed one day and a complete maniac the next. Unlike other medical conditions, bipolar disorder does not only affect one’s life, but it can also have an impact on other individuals. The extreme mood swings can have a major consequence on someone’s social life and cause one to fail in his or her career or education. Even though bipolar is not the immense discussion in medical disorders; it is still a dangerous condition that affects a multitude of individuals in the world. Many suffer severe symptoms and dangers but they can still live a satisfying life with treatments and therapy.
According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), it is estimated that nearly 1.6 percent of adults in the United States has borderline personality disorder (BPD), although rates may be as high as 5.9 percent of the United States’ adults, making BPD the most prevalent personality disorder (NAMI, 2016). Borderline personality disorder is a condition characterized by difficulties regulating emotion, or a long-lasting pattern of instability in one’s mood and interpersonal relationships (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). Personality characteristics, like in BPD, are maladaptive in nature and individuals suffering from BPD often have extreme difficulties maintaining stable interpersonal relationships and experience severe mood swings that cause the individual to be oversensitive, impulsive, and hostile (Sanders-Dewer, Neva, Dewey, & Seth, 2016). Additionally, these individuals also tend to suffer from periods of emotional or behavioral instability along with continuous feelings of emptiness, which increases their propensity to abuse substances or engage in behaviors that are self-harming (Sanders-Dewer, Neva, Dewey, & Seth, 2016). Individuals with BPD are also more inclined to experience symptoms of additional psychopathological symptoms, and often times have comorbid diagnoses of depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, or other personality disorders like narcissistic personality disorder or antisocial personality disorder (Sanders-Dewer, Neva, Dewey, & Seth, 2016).
667). However, they tend to stay on the surface and lack much depth in their emotions and opinions and this can cause problems for them throughout their lives. It is important to understand the symptoms, etiology, course, prevalence, assessment and treatment of histrionic personality disorder before taking on a client, or working with this population. Once known as hysteria, in Freud’s time, is now hysterical personality disorder or histrionic personality disorder. Histrionic personality is what is left of Freud’s popular diagnosis of hysteria.
Popularity, friends, relationships, and looks are more stressful things to teenagers than parents. However, adults tend to face such stressors as meeting deadlines, fear of failure, anger, and frustration at the workplace. Everybody is effected by stress when it comes to things like wars, pollution, poverty, overcrowding, and crime. It is important to learn how to live with these situations, because it is nearly impossible to get through life without encountering them. Most people know that stress could be bad, but how bad?
ADHD and Anxiety If someone with ADHD develops anxiety (GAD), then the severities of both are increased, because they coincide with each other making them more powerful. I choose this hypothesis for 2 reasons. One being that ADHD and anxiety are an epidemic in terms of being disorders that is very common within our world. I also have both Anxiety and ADHD along with some of the other members of my family. Over time I have noticed that people with both anxiety and ADHD think differently then those who have anxiety or ADHD.
The nerves that accompany meeting someone new, entering a new space, or encountering individuals with the desire to impress is a common feeling among people. The extent to which these nerves can affect someone is so immense that it evolves into a disorder with everlasting effects and holds the potential to cause more psychological harm. The third most common psychiatric disorder in the U.S. is social phobia, or social anxiety, which is distinguished by the perturbation of social interaction, negative appraisal, and rejection (Rukmini et al). Roughly 12% of individuals will live with social anxiety disorder at one point in their lifetime (Brady and Whitman 81). With the evolution of technology, as well as a deeper understanding of psychology, it has become apparent that social anxiety is impacting adolescents across the board; the average age for social phobia onset is around 15-16 years old (Mesa et al pg).
However, there is evidence showing that the personal cognitive appraisals have more detrimental effects on the child than the maternal cognitive appraisals, or expectations, although they do show a correlation. Conclusion In conclusion, after discussing the common effects of OCD on children and adolescents there is abundant evidence that having a family member with OCD can cause a strain on a family. With the obvious linkage to other disorders such as autism and ADHD, OCD affects all aspects of life and has severe consequences on the mental capacity.