The Resistance Against The Resistance Antibiotic resistance is when certain antibiotics lose their ability to render harmful pathogens inactive. When bacteria become resistant to antibiotics they will continue to grow and multiply without the antibiotics having any effect on them. Bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics are called superbugs because they are very hard to be destroyed within the body. Antibiotic resistance can be caused by many things. The most common way in which bacterium build up a defence to antibiotics is by mutation.
By taking unwarranted antibiotics, individuals destroy healthful bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. In turn, harmful bacteria gather, and it is hypothesized that many illnesses such as: Type 1 Diabetes, allergies, and inflammatory bowel disease are on the rise as a result (Conley, 2011, para. 4). Peop... ... middle of paper ... ...eloping medicine that does not produce as much profit for businesses. Hence, if antibiotics stop being misused, money will not have to be spent on expensive treatment, longer hospital stays, or the creation of new medicines.
These superbugs proliferate in the digestive tracts of hosts. Each dose of antibiotics in the animals’ diets at sub-therapeutic levels increases the likelihood of antibiotic resistance bacteria to evolve. The antibiotics kill the antibiotic sensitive bacteria, but bacteria that are resistant proliferate in the gut of the animals. When these antibiotic resistant bacteria are left to grow in the gut, they can cause infection to the animal or people that consume the animal as food (Falco, 2013, Amachawadl et. al.
Antibiotic resistance is a major problem that continues to expand as it threatens the lives of individuals throughout the world. Antibiotic medications are used to treat infections or diseases caused by bacteria. Antibiotics can save lives; however, the overuse or misuse of antibiotic drugs causes antibiotics to lose their effectiveness over time. Society needs to take action to slow the growing problem of antibiotic resistance by correctly taking antibiotics and by eliminating the excessive use of antibiotics. All bacteria have the potential to develop a resistance to antibiotics.
Furthermore, bacteria’s are becoming resistant to antibiotics and this can cause serious health threats to humans because it will be harder to treat illness and infections; as a result, the mortality rate will increase. This issue is affecting people all over the world, by providing the body with hormones; as a consequence, the body will stop producing natural hormones. Once the body stops the production of hormones humans will always depend on synthetic hormones, and if a person leaves the country and starts eating organic food major withdrawal effects can occur. Although the food industry states that hormones and antibiotics are not affecting humans, researchers state the contrary. Injecting and feeding hormones and antibiotics to animals is a huge con... ... middle of paper ... ... can lead to negative feedback, which can be dangerous because it signals the glands to stop the production of the hormone.
“Overuse of the drugs in health care and farm animals has increased antibiotic resistance and could contribute to thousands of deaths each year among patients having colorectal surgery, chemotherapy or hip replacements” (YaleGlobal Online). Antibiotics are medicine that can either help bacteria grow or destroy the bacteria. The way antibiotics can help the bactira grow is by the overuse of it. Today, many of the farmers throughout the United States of America mix their livestocks food with antibiotics. Farmers should be banned from mixing their livestock’s food with antibiotics because antibiotics are bad to the humans, antibiotics are unnecessarily and not used right, and antibiotics are dangerous.
Many side effects such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, thrush, allergies and even life-threatening bowel inflammation can occur when using antibiotics (NPS, 2012, para. 2-4). If people misuse antibiotics and take them for viral infections, they are not doing anything to help their condition, but they may be putting themselves at risk for increased discomfort and potentially life-threatening side effects. Antibiotics also cause the healthy bacteria in your body to diminish. Dr. Martin Blaser states, “evidence… suggests antibiotics may permanently change the beneficial bacteria that we’re carrying” (Conley, 2011, para.
The hygienic conditions have also been improved so as to ensure least growth of microbes, germs, parasites and bacteria. Antibiotics have been invented to address diseases and infections caused by bacteria and viruses. With all these substantial efforts the biologists, physicians and scientists have triggered another epidemic which is even more severe. They have killed those microbes and bacterial species which were human friendly and as a result of either their disruption or mutation, pathogenic bacteria have even become more active and resistant to treatments. This has led to increased ineffectiveness of antibiotic drugs, low immunity and various infections and inflammatory diseases.
Once resistance builds in one patient, it is possible for the strain to be transmitted to others through improper hygiene and failure to isolate patients in hospitals. Resistance arises from mutations that are not under the control of humans, but the evolution of bacteria has been sped along by the overexposure of antibiotics to both people and animals. The number of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria in an area is closely related to the frequency that antibiotics that are prescribed (Todar, 2012). Patients often unnecessarily demand antibiotics to treat common colds or simple illnesses that are not caused by bacteria. Instead, these infections are caused by viruses which, unlike bacteria, are unaffected by antibiotics.
It is hard to imagine life without medicine for these illnesses. But what if the antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections such as strep throat and pneumonia stopped working? What if the bacteria were stronger than the antibiotics? The threat of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections is an increasing concern for healthcare providers, and it is important to reduce the misuse and overuse of antibiotics to maintain control of bacterial diseases. The most effective way to combat pathogenic bacteria which invade the body is the use of antibiotics.