potential side effects in susceptible patients. Thus, pharmacist has a major role to play in relation to prevention, detection, and reporting of ADRs. Objective: To determined the prescribing pattern of cephalosporins, macrolides and quinolones antibiotics and to monitor and report the adverse drug reaction and drug interaction if any. Methodology: The study was conducted in KIMS Hospital, Bangalore. It is a 1200 bedded tertiary care teaching, super specialty hospital, providing specialized health
Do you know that the bacterium behind ulcers was discovered by accident? In 1982, two Australian doctors Barry Marshall and Robin Warren were trying to culture the bacteria but it was extremely difficult. When they wanted to culture the bacteria, they only waited the usual two days for each experiment. One day they accidently left some Petri dishes in the lab and went on the Easter holiday. After five days when they came back, growth of colonies on the Petri dishes were noticed. They were the first
girl, BL, calls you, a pharmacist at a local pharmacy. Patient has swelling in her lips, tongue, and face after taking her first dose of oral penicillin VK for strep throat. The mother also notes the patient is wheezing and seems short of breath. The mother is unsure why her child is experiencing these symptoms, and is concerned if this is something serious. The mother recalls that her child had a rash to Augmentin that was given to the child
importance of diseases and epidemics through history. Though most diseases and epidemics have played a huge role in creating history, most have gone unnoticed. Clark argues that there are positives and negatives effects that have affected our growing world due to pestilence. Clark explains that disease is a relatively new theory that evolved with growing cities and agriculture. With growth in industry and agriculture came pestilence, which has affected history positively and negatively. Through this book
the most important medical research in the world. Given any ill person, A doctor can prescribe antibiotics to destroy bacteria in the human body, but the bacteria doesn't remove entirely. The left over bacteria that has already been injected by the antibiotic will become resistant to the drug in a short period of time. Over time the bacteria reproduces and evolved making scientists have to create antibiotics stronger and stronger as time goes on. As long as bacteria and disease exist, evolution will
help certain species survive may, in turn, hurt others. For example, humans have been fighting with pathogenic bacteria for hundreds of years. When antibiotics came along, it seemed that humans were winning the war against sickness. Yet recently, harmful bacteria are making a comeback and slowly, but surely, are becoming resistant to the many antibiotics that are available today. Through evolution and natural selection, bacteria have mutated and multiplied so quickly scientists can hardly keep up.
meningococcal disease include pneumonia, conjunctivitis, urethritis, sinusitis, otitis, septic arthritis, and purulent pericarditis, where 10-15% of cases are fatal, and 10% of the patients who recover, usually have hearing loss (Ferguson et al., 2002). History of meningococci Weichselbaum was the first person who identified the bacterium from the cerebrospinal fluid of a person who suffered from meningitis. While the first descriptions of meningococcal meningitis were made in the early 19th century in
after control for multiple confounding variables. Personal preventive practices play essential role in Lyme disease prevention such as wearing long-sleeves and avoiding contact with tick exposure areas. The insect repellent use and prophylactic antibiotics should be assessed for clinical trials. This study was well designed to find risk factors for Lyme disease in outdoor workers.
Pharmacy is a very misunderstood career in the medical field. Many people believe that pharmacists only count and sort pills, but there is actually much more than what meets the eye. Pharmacists have a variety of responsibilities that they perform throughout their careers. They often fill prescriptions for patients, which does involve counting and sorting pills. However, they take it a step further, and work with patients to ensure all their current medications won 't have many negative effects when
Penicillin was one of the very first antibiotics. It is often referred to as "the miracle drug" because of its effectiveness against many harmful and deadly bacteria. With its discovery by Alexander Fleming in 1928, penicillin has proven to be a major contribution to the medical field. Penicillin is responsible for preventing the spreading of infectious illnesses, and for improving military medicine. It has revolutionized the study of medicine, saved countless of lives, and played a key role as a